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Andrew Lewis

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Compiled and written by Jim Moyer 1/2/2017

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Major Andrew Lewis

Andrew Lewis was a Major under Colonel George Washington in the Virginia Regiment during the French and Indian War, 1754 – 1763.

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Early Life

This means this Scot wasn’t at the Battle of Culloden in 1746:

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From Wikipedia link:

In 1732 John Lewis [his father], having killed his landlord in an altercation, fled to Virginia with his sons Andrew and Thomas. They became among the first settlers in western Augusta County.

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Lewis Spring

1751, 1763, 1770, 1774

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Andrew Lewis repeatedly returns to this spot.

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Lewisburg WV named after  Andrew Lewis .

In 1751 Lewis, as a young surveyor, established a camp near the spring behind the present courthouse. This spring has been known as the Lewis Spring since that time.

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During Pontiac’s Rebellion in 1763, Native Americans completely destroyed two of the early European settlements in Greenbrier County, killing the men and carrying off the women and children. This raid virtually eliminated all of the earliest settlers in the county. The Native Americans were primarily Shawnees, and (according to undocumented tradition) were led by the famous leader Hokoleskwa, or Cornstalk.

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By 1770 a fortified encampment called Fort Savannah was established at the Lewis Spring. In 1774, Lt Governor Dunmore of Virginia instructed then-Colonel Andrew Lewis to gather “willing and able men” to go to the great Kanawha River and stand against the Native American forces that were attacking the Greenbrier Valley. In what became known as Lord Dunmore’s War, over 1,490 men were assembled, some at Fort Pitt at present-day Pittsburgh, and others at Fort Union, on the site of present-day Lewisburg. These recruits included Lewis’s brother Charles, and others which history books refer to as one of the most remarkable assemblages of frontier leaders in American history. Thirteen were men of political and military distinction. Lewis’s army marched down the New and Kanawha Rivers to the Ohio River, where they intended to cross over and invade the Ohio Country, which was the home of the Shawnees. The Native Americans, led by Cornstalk, attempted to cut them off at the mouth of the Kanawha, where they fought an inconclusive battle that came to be known as the Battle of Point Pleasant

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Promoted Major

A Captain Andrew Lewis is promoted to Major

in the VA Regiment of the French and Indian War

on 17 September 1755:

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-02-02-0034

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Sandy Creek Expedition

February 1756

Major Andrew Lewis leads the Sandy Creek Expedition.

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Click on this Map Link.

Press – Minus sign to zoom away.

Follow and click on all the lavender stars and lavender lines

showing the path of this ill-fated Sandy Creek Expedition.

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ORDERS GIVEN

To Major Andrew Lewis, of the Virginia Regiment.

[Winchester, 27 December 1755]

In pursuance of Commands from the Governor to me,

you are hereby ordered to proceed to Augusta,

and there to take upon you

the command of Captain Hogg’s Company;

three Companies of Rangers,

and such Cherokee Indians as you shall find there;

and march them to such place or places,

and obey such order or orders,

as the Governor shall direct.1

Given under my Hand &c.

at Winchester, December 27th 1755.

G:W.

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Founders Online Footnote:

1Andrew Lewis arrived at Fort Frederick on the New River in February to take command of the Sandy Creek expedition. See Dinwiddie to GW, 14 Dec. 1755, n.8, for a description of the expedition.

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Source:

http://founders.archives.gov/?q=Date%3A1755-12-27&s=1111311111&r=3

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Presides at Court Martials

Andrew Lewis is President of a Court Martial trial on Deserters at Fort Loudoun Winchester VA.

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Prisoner in Quebec for a Year

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From Wikipedia link:

During the Forbes Expedition, Lewis was captured during Major James Grant’s   attack on Fort Duquesne in September 1758. Taken to Quebec, Lewis remained a prisoner until late 1759.

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Click on map location

where Andrew Lewis was captured

with British Major General Grant.

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A year later in 1760, Robert Stewart refers to Andrew Lewis by his nickname, Paddy and relays Andrew Lewis report of recent hostilities:

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-06-02-0223#GEWN-02-06-02-0223-fn-0001

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Lord Dunmore’s War

A General in Lord Dunmore’s War, where his men were attacked by Chief Cornstalk in the Battle of Point Pleasant in 1774.

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Passed over for Promotion

3 March 1777

Later in the War for Independence, Andrew Lewis is passed over for promotion.

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From Founders Online Letter

From George Washington

To Brigadier General Andrew Lewis

Head quarters. Morris Town. 3d March 1777.

Dear Sir,

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I was much disappointed at not perceiving your name in the list of Major Generals lately made by the Congress: And most sincerely wish that the neglect may not induce You to abandon the service. . . .

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Andrew Lewis Statues, Historical Markers

Click on the icon on the map.

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Andrew Lewis with cannon Statue

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General Andrew Lewis Historical Sign

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Andrew Lewis Grave

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Andrew Lewis and Charles Lewis March

There’s more than one Charles Lewis – see disambiguation

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Andrew Lewis Home Richfield

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Andrew Lewis and Chief Cornstalk Statues at Point Pleasant

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LINKS

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Founders Online

Correspondence between Andrew Lewis and George Washington

https://founders.archives.gov/search/Correspondent%3A%22Washington%2C%20George%22%20Correspondent%3A%22Lewis%2C%20Andrew%22

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Wikipedia link

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Lewis_(soldier)

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