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1744 LANCASTER TREATY

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When:
June 25, 2018 @ 12:26 am – 1:26 am
2018-06-25T00:26:00-04:00
2018-06-25T01:26:00-04:00

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This peace treaty was held in the same year Winchester VA was founded in March 1744.

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The treaty occurred about 3 months after Winchester VA was created, first known as Opeckon, then Frederick Town, then Winchester officially in 1752.

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Compiled by Jim Moyer in 2018, updated  5/9/2019

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June 24 to July 4 of 1744

Lancaster PA

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The Treaty

https://www.loc.gov/resource/dcmsiabooks.lancasterin1744j00mars/?sp=13&r=0.021,0.358,0.789,0.315,0

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BEN FRANKLIN writes decades

later around 7 January 1784,

a moment he remembered

of the 1744 Lancaster Treaty:

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That offer was made to the Indians to educate them at a school in Williamsburg.

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“…the Learning on which we value ourselves; they regard as frivolous and useless.

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An Instance of this occurred

at the Treaty of Lancaster

in Pennsylvania, Anno 1744,

between the Government of Virginia & the Six Nations.5 

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After the principal Business was settled,

the Commissioners from Virginia acquainted the Indians by a Speech,

that there was at Williamsburg a College

with a Fund for Educating Indian Youth,

and that if the Chiefs of the Six-Nations6 

would send down half a dozen of their sons7 to that College,

the Government would take Care t

hat they should be well provided for,

and instructed in all the Learning of the white People.

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It is one of the Indian Rules of Politeness

not to answer a public Proposition the same day

that it is made;

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they think it would be treating it as a light Matter;

and that they show it Respect

by taking time to consider it,

as of a Matter important.

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They therefore deferred their Answer till the day following;

when their Speaker began by expressing

their deep Sense of the Kindness of the Virginia Government,

in making them that Offer;

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for we know, says he,

that you highly esteem

the kind of Learning taught in those Colleges,

and that the Maintenance of our Young Men

while with you,

would be very expensive to you.

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We are convinced therefore that 

you mean to do us Good by your Proposal,

and we thank you heartily.

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But you who are wise must know,

that different Nations have different Conceptions of things;

and you will therefore not take it amiss,

if our Ideas of this Kind of Education

happen not to be the same with yours.

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We have had some Experience of it:

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Several of our Young People

were formerly brought up

at the Colleges of the Northern Provinces;

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they were instructed in all your Sciences;

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but when they came back to us

they were bad Runners,

ignorant of every means

of living in the Woods,

unable to bear either Cold or Hunger,

knew neither how to build a Cabin,

take a Deer,

or kill an Enemy,

spoke our Language imperfectly;

were therefore neither fit

for Hunters, Warriors, or Counsellors;

they were totally good for nothing.

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We are however not the less obliged by your kind Offer,

tho’ we decline accepting it;

and to show our grateful Sense of it,

if the Gentlemen of Virginia

will send us a dozen of their Sons,

we will take great Care of their Education,

instruct them in all we know,

and make Men of them.

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BEN FRANKLIN writes decades

later around 7 January 1784,

a moment he remembered

of the 1744 Lancaster Treaty:

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Savages we call them, because their manners differ from ours, which we think the Perfection of Civility; they think the same of theirs.

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Perhaps if we could examine the manners of different Nations with Impartiality, we should find no People so rude as to be without Rules of Politeness; nor any so polite as not to have some remains of Rudeness.

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The Indian Men,

when young, are Hunters and Warriors; when old, Counsellors; for all their Government is by the Counsel or Advice of the Sages; there is no Force, there are no Prisons, no Officers to compel Obedience, or inflict Punishment. Hence they generally study Oratory; the best Speaker having the most Influence.

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The Indian Women

till the Ground, dress the Food, nurse and bring up the Children, & preserve & hand down to Posterity the Memory of Public Transactions.

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These Employments of Men and Women

are accounted natural and honorable. Having few Artificial Wants, they have abundance of Leisure for Improvement by Conversation. Our laborious manner of Life compared with theirs, they esteem slavish and base; and the 

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Learning on which we value ourselves;

they regard as frivolous and useless.

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An Instance of this occurred at the Treaty of Lancaster in Pennsylvania, Anno 1744, between the Government of Virginia & the Six Nations.5

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Source:

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Franklin/01-41-02-0280

 

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This is also the same site of the 1744 Treaty of Lancaster

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Text of treaty

https://archive.org/stream/jstor-4242734/4242734#page/n0/mode/2up

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Another look at the full text of the treaty …

http://earlytreaties.unl.edu/treaty.00003.html

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The Story on the statue ….

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soldiers_and_Sailors_Monument_(Lancaster,_Pennsylvania)  ….

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Wikipedia article on the 1744 Treaty of Lancaster

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Lancaster

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Use bing to get a Street View Angle of Statue ..

http://binged.it/15siLmV

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List of Indian Treaties

http://www.virginiaplaces.org/settleland/treaties.html

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longitude and latitude inexact

40.038, -76.308194

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