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Sep
21

1754 Proclamation

By
When:
February 14, 2016 all-day
2016-02-14T00:00:00-05:00
2016-02-15T00:00:00-05:00
Where:
Williamsburg VA
101 Visitor Center Dr
Williamsburg, VA 23185
USA
Cost:
Free

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Compiled by Jim Moyer 2015, update 9/11/2017

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1754 Proclamation

http://www.sos.ky.gov/admin/land/resources/legislation/Documents/Proclamation%20of%201754.pdf

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More context on the February 19, 1754 Proclamation

http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0031#GEWN-02-01-02-0031-fn-0012

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This promise of land takes years to come true.

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By October 1770, George Washington and a group travels out to the Ohio Country to look at this Promised Land.

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The People already there using that land for hunting will meet GW and his group and talk about their future.

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That Future and its Past indicate that Military Invasions hold no candle to a an unlimited tidal wave of immigrants.

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Limits of the Promise

Later Washington indicates

this Proclamation only refers to

the actions of 1754

and not of the later Braddock

or Forbes Expeditions.

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See letter from George Washington to Botetourt, 8 December 1769 :

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“It has been distantly askd, for I must own I never heard the matter regularly questiond, whether the Troops employd in the subsequent campaigns were not entitled to a share also of this 200,000 Acres of Land?5 to this it may be answerd, that a moments recurrance to the state of affairs in 1754 & the occn of raising Troops at that early period will demonstrate at once the Impropriety of such expectns, if any such there be; For 300 Men were adjudgd suff⟨ic’t⟩ to the Service then under contemplation, & 200,000 Acres of Land was offered as a bounty to obtain them; and though the number proovd insufft to accomplish the purpose for wch they were rais’d (as thousands afterwards likewise did) yet it is a Fact very well known that this body of Troops did actually advance into the Country claimd by the Enemy, & built a Fort there which they were obligd to surrender to supr Numbrs.

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Besides, they woud beg leave to make this one observation more, in proof of their exclusive right to this Grant; and that is, that the next Campaign was made by His Majesty’s Troops under the Comd of Genl Braddock; and that all the Troops enlisted in this Colony after that time, did it upon a quite differt, & much better establishment, the Officers recg higher pay, & the Men greater bountys.

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It must plainly appear therefore, in my humble opinion at least, that the grant of this Land was merely local, confind to that particular Enterprize then in view, and coud by no means be construed to extend to the multitude which afterwards engagd in the course of a Ten years War.”

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Colonel Peachey, previously a Captain, who along with George Mercer were of the original 2 companies beginning the building of Fort Loudoun later petitions for land promised by Dinwiddie’s 19 February 1754 Proclamation.  But Peachey was not in the original 1754 expedition which was the only adventure promised this land as Washington had insisted.

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The following entry appears in the minutes of the Virginia council for 15 June 1770:

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“…it is the Opinion of the Board that the Petitioners are not intitled to any share of the said two hundred thousand Acres of land; but that the same is appropriated and limited to the first Adventures only”

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THE LAND GRAB

See this story on George Washington’s 1770 trip to view the promised lands.

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This trip by these members of the Ohio Company came to look at land promised by Lt Gov Dinwiddie to Washington and his Men of 1754.

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A HARD NARROW PROMISE:

Mind you. The promise of land was only to the men of 1754 (Jummonville, Fort Necessity) and not to anyone after, not even to those of the failed Braddock Expedition of 1755 or to those of the Forbes Expedition of 1758.

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Washington wrote a letter 8 December 1769 to stipulate that and confirm that.

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Vandalia Colony Wikipedia link

And this Ohio Company concerning this “Ohio Country” was working on creating a new Colony called Vandalia whose Governor might be GW’s former aid de camp, George Mercer.

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The land grab speculation would be in violation of Britain’s Proclamation Line of 1763, designed to stop the westward march and therefore expensive Indian Hostilites.

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VIOLATION OF THE BOUNDARIES SET IN 1763

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Proclamation of 1763 shows the boundaries stopping White Settlement of Indian Lands so that future expensive Indian Wars could be avoided.

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GW writes a letter 17 September 1767 to one of his former soldiers William Crawford  predicting the Proclamation of 1763 will fall.

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Washington suggests to ignore it to protect their future claims and to keep these designs a secret so they don’t get in trouble with the King.

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http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-08-02-0020

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THE BOUNDARIES ARE MOVED IN 1768

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BUT the Treaty of Fort Stanwix 1768 moved the line dramatically west. So the Land Grab was ON.  See map in this National Park Service link.

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