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Jul
22

ACADIAN EXPULSION

By
When:
July 28, 2015 all-day
2015-07-28T00:00:00-04:00
2015-07-29T00:00:00-04:00
Where:
Fort Beausejour
10 Fort Beausejour Rd
Aulac, NB E4L 2W4
Canada

 ACADIAN EXPULSION

Written and compiled by Jim Moyer, updated 10/5/2015

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acadians A mural painted by Robert Dafford entitled “The Arrival of the Acadians in Louisiana” at the Acadian Memorial in St Martinsville Louisiana

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Official Expulsion began in same month Braddock was defeated in July 1755. See the Royal Proclamation of 2003  for July 28, 1755, to acknowledge  La Grand Derangement.

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This is the 260th year of the Braddock defeat this July 9 1755 as of the year 2015.

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But simultaneously this is the 260th and 250th anniversary of a decade long expulsion of Acadians from Canada’s Maritime Provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Edwards Island, starting in July 1755 to 1765.

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THE EPIC POEM — EVANGELINE

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote almost a 100 years later the poem, Evangeline, about this expulsion.

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Read this epic poem.

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Here’s a taste. You may remember some of this.

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THIS is the forest primeval. The murmuring pines and the hemlocks,
Bearded with moss, and in garments green, indistinct in the twilight,
Stand like Druids of eld, with voices sad and prophetic,
Stand like harpers hoar, with beards that rest on their bosoms.
Loud from its rocky caverns, the deep-voiced neighboring ocean         5
Speaks, and in accents disconsolate answers the wail of the forest.
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This is the forest primeval; but where are the hearts that beneath it
Leaped like the roe, when he hears in the woodland the voice of the huntsman?
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Where is the thatch-roofed village, the home of Acadian farmers,—
Men whose lives glided on like rivers that water the woodlands,         10
Darkened by shadows of earth, but reflecting an image of heaven?
Waste are those pleasant farms, and the farmers forever departed!
Scattered like dust and leaves, when the mighty blasts of October
Seize them, and whirl them aloft, and sprinkle them far o’er the ocean.
Naught but tradition remains of the beautiful village of Grand-Pré.

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Origin of the name Cajun

Say Acadian fast and it disappears into “Cajun.”

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 Acadian name was bowdlerized into “Cajun”.  Say Acadian fast and it sounds like “Cajun.”

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Where To ?

Over a decade they were deported to Everywhere:  to Annapolis Maryland,   Pennsylvania,  Carolinas, Georgia, France, England, the Caribbean, and finally in 1765 to Louisiana, (a Spanish colony due to 1763 treaty but still run by French officials until 1769 when Spain finally sent its organization)

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Acadians to Maryland, see these links:

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Navigate Google Car to see historical sign –   https://goo.gl/maps/Zcw3BiDo78y

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Four ships deported the Acadians to Maryland.
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Sloop Dolphin left Pisiquid October 22, 1755 and arrived on November 20, 1755 with 230 Acadians aboard.
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Sloop Elizabeth left Grand Pré on date unknown arriving in Maryland on November 20, 1755 with 242 Acadians aboard.
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Schooner Leopard left Grand Pré on October 27, 1755 arriving in Maryland on November 30, 1755 with 178 Acadians aboard.
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Sloop Ranger left Pisiquid on October 27, 1755 arriving in Maryland on November 30, 1755 with 263 Acadians aboard.

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http://www.acadian-home.org/acadians-maryland.html

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https://dna-explained.com/2013/08/21/acadian-maryland-historical-marker-unveiling/

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Acadians to Louisiana

By 1765 remaining Acadians had arrived in Louisiana.

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GOVERNOR SHIRLEY

While the logistical problems of the Braddock campaign to Fort DuQuesne was going on in 1755 so too did Governor Shirley of Massachusetts multitask trying to help Braddock with that campaign as well as his own planned attack against Fort Niagara (which never materialized) and the successful taking of Fort Beausejour.

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Shirley knowing to separate provinicials and British because of two Royal proclamations that 1) any provincial rank was less than a British Captain and  that  (Washington left his base in Winchester VA in 1756  to Boston to Shirley to complain about that very issue – Captain Dagworthy Controversy) ….. and 2) any one associated with a British force is subject to the same military discipline.

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Governor Shirley could only raise expeditionary forces if he promised the provincials they would not be working side by side British forces, because the provincial officers didn’t want conflict with lower British Captains nor did the lower ranks want to be submitted to harsh British military discipline.

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So Shirley kept the two forces separate, taking the provincial troops with him towards Fort Niagara  (again, which never materialized see Fort Oswego ) while having British troops attack Fort Beausejour.

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Once Fort Beausejour fell June 1755, doom was sealed for Acadia.

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By end of July a decree to confiscate Acadian property and deport Acadians began for a decade.

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By 1765 Acadians had arrived in Louisiana.

 

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