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Jul
23

Dunbar’s Army Retreat to Fort Cumberland

By
When:
July 13, 2017 – July 21, 2017 all-day
2017-07-13T00:00:00-04:00
2017-07-22T00:00:00-04:00
Where:
Fort Cumberland
Cumberland
MD 21502
USA

Dunbar’s Retreat to Fort Cumberland

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After the Battle

and Retreat to Dunbar’s Camp


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July 9 Afternoon

After enduring an intense cross fire in the open for much of the afternoon, Braddock’s surviving men began retreating without orders.

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GW recalled many years later that he put the fatally wounded general “in a small covered Cart, which carried some of his most essential equipage,” and “with some of the best Troops” took him back across the lower of the two Monongahela fords that they had crossed earlier in the day.

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While Braddock and some of his officers tried to make a stand near the lower ford with about 100 men, GW crossed the upper one to halt the many troops who had fled ahead of the general.

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Finding Gage on the other side striving to rally a force, GW gave him Braddock’s order to stop the retreat and returned across the upper ford to inform the general of the situation.

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July 9 Night

It was after sunset when GW met Braddock on the road, traveling to the rear in a litter.

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Most of the men at the lower ford had deserted him despite the fact that the French and Indians did not pursue beyond the river.

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Braddock, having given up any thought of holding a position near the battlefield, now sent GW to Colonel Dunbar with orders for Dunbar to forward provisions, medical supplies, and wagons for the wounded to Gist’s plantation or some place farther, if possible.

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July 9 Night into July 10 Morning

GW, who was still very weak from his illness, traveled through the night and part of the next morning with two guides to reach Dunbar’s camp about 6 miles south of Gist’s plantation and about 50 miles from the battlefield.

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“The shocking Scenes

which presented themselves

in this Nights march

are not to be described,”

GW later wrote.

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“The dead—the dying—

the groans—lamentation—and crys

along the Road

of the wounded for help . . .

were enough to pierce a heart of adamant.

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The gloom & horror

of which was not a little encreased by

the impervious darkness

occasioned by the close shade of thick woods

which in places

rendered it impossible

for the two guides

which attended to know

when they were in,

or out of the track

but by groping

on the ground

with their hands”

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Quote from GW Biographical Memorandum, c.1786, ViMtvL, photostat.

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Source of all of the above:

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0164#GEWN-02-01-02-0164-fn-0004

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10 July 1755

Braddock received wagons and supplies

from Dunbar at Gist’s plantation

on the evening of 10 July

11 July

The Wounded Braddock arrives at Dunbar’s camp late in the day.

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Source:

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0164#GEWN-02-01-02-0164-fn-0004

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Retreat from Dunbar’s camp on 13 July
Dunbar’s camp sits 6 miles south of Gist’s plantation

And about 50 miles from the battlefield.

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Source:

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0164#GEWN-02-01-02-0164-fn-0004

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13 July Braddock dies from wounds from 9 July

13 July Braddock is buried

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Dunbar Camp Retreat

to Fort Cumberland


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13 July Retreat started from Dunbar’s Camp

Dunbar Camp sits 6 miles from Gist’s Plantation, and 50 miles from the battlefield

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15 July crossed the Youghiogheny River at Great Crossing,
near which a captain’s command of about 70 men was formed
to escort the wounded officers on to Fort Cumberland
in advance of the main body of the army.
This little party, which included GW,
camped the night of 15 July
on a rocky, rattlesnake-infested ground
a few miles east of the Youghiogheny.

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16 July it marched 16 miles to Little Meadows

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17 July covered the remaining 24 miles to Fort Cumberland.

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21 July Col. Dunbar arrived at Fort Cumberland with the rest of the army

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Source:
https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0166

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