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Dec
05

FORT CUMBERLAND MD

By
When:
June 10, 2017 – June 11, 2017 all-day
2017-06-10T00:00:00-04:00
2017-06-12T00:00:00-04:00
Where:
FORT CUMBERLAND
Cumberland
MD
USA

Compiled, written by Jim Moyer 2016, updated 3/18/2017, 6/7/2017, update on log structure being moved 7/21/2017

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Stay tuned for New Events

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“Held the second full weekend in June,

Heritage Days marks the beginning of

Allegany County’s summer season.

The Festival takes place

in the Prospect Square area

of Washington Street

and within Downtown Cumberland,

but manages to spill out

into other areas of the city.”

https://www.mdmountainside.com/attraction/heritage_days_festival

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FORT CUMBERLAND – SOME HISTORY

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We know Frederick Co VA

was named after Frederick,  first son of King George II.

Frederick, next in line, dies

possibly from complications from

a cricket sports accident,

and George III, Frederick’s son,

becomes next in line.

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Augusta Co VA was named after that Frederick’s wife.

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Who’s this fort named after?

The Third and Youngest son of King George II,

Frederick’s younger brother

who gets the “nick”, Butcher of Culloden,

Prince William, Duke of Cumberland

From Wikipedia:

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Prince William Augustus (26 April 1721 [N.S.]– 31 October 1765), was the third and youngest son of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach, and Duke of Cumberland from 1726. He is best remembered for his role in putting down the Jacobite Rising at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, which made him immensely popular throughout Britain.[1][2] He is often referred to by the nickname given to him by his EnglishTory opponents: ‘Butcher’ Cumberland.[3][4] Despite his triumph at Culloden, he had a largely unsuccessful military career. Following the Convention of Klosterzeven in 1757, he never held active military command and switched his attentions to politics and horse racing.

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Fort Cumberland wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Cumberland_(Maryland)

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George Washington’s Headquarters, 38 Greene Street, Riverside Park
Saturday, 10 am – 6 pm; Sunday, 12 noon – 5 pm
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Only remaining structure left of Fort Cumberland. Tours inside by members of Cresap Chapter, Daughters of American Revolution.   See News article on this.
Donation

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From Link below this quote: Built in 1755, the cabin has been moved from its original location, following the destruction of the nearby Fort Cumberland. Because of this, the structure cannot be listed on the National Historic Register, but it is designated a historic site in Maryland state.

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Source: http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/george-washingtons-headquarters

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Also See Church sitting over the original site of Fort Cumberland for any further activities if listed:

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http://www.emmanuelparishofmd.org/?page_id=163

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DESCRIPTION OF FORT CUMBERLAND

The fort proper was described by one of Braddock’s officers as “a Square, the sides about 120 feet [long] built of large Logs fixed upright in the ground as close as can be; fastened within side with a rail: at the joyning of these Logs they have fixed plank to make it nearly of an equal thickness, & cut loop-holes for small Arms” (“The Journal of a British Officer,” in Hamilton, Braddock’s Defeat description begins Charles Hamilton, ed. Braddock’s Defeat. Norman, Okla., 1959. description ends , 42).

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The walls, about 12 feet high, were angled out at the corners to form bastions, each with four embrasures for cannon, although when Braddock arrived only nine or ten 4–pounders were mounted there. A house for the commanding officer, two guard rooms, four storehouses, and a powder magazine were located inside the main fort. Outside to the east stood troop barracks and officer quarters enclosed by a log stockade extending about 300 feet east from one wall of the main fort to a point near the bank of Wills Creek.

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See the plan of Fort Cumberland in Lowdermilk, Cumberland, Maryland description begins Will H. Lowdermilk. History of Cumberland, (Maryland): From the Time of the Indian Town, Caiuctucuc, in 1728, Up to the Present Day, Embracing an Account of Washington’s First Campaign, and Battle of Fort Necessity, Together with a History of Braddock’s Expedition, &c., &c., &c. 1878. Reprint. Baltimore, 1971. description ends , following p. 92.

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All of the buildings were of crude log construction, as an officer’s sister found on her arrival in June: “I was put into a Hole that I could see day light through every Log, and a port Hole for a Window; which was as good a Room as any in the Fort” (Harrison, “Mrs. Browne’s Diary,” description begins Fairfax Harrison, ed. “With Braddock’s Army: Mrs. Browne’s Diary in Virginia and Maryland.” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 32 (1924): 305–20. description ends 316).

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http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0134#GEWN-02-01-02-0134-fn-0007

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See Church sitting over the original site of Fort Cumberland:

http://www.emmanuelparishofmd.org/?page_id=163

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SEE PAST EVENTS


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Heritage Days Schedule
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48th Annual

Heritage Days Festival

June  11-12, 2016

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Saturday 10 am – 6 pm

Sunday 11 am – 5 pm

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