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Oct
04

FORT LIGONIER PA

By
When:
October 12, 2018 – October 14, 2018 all-day
2018-10-12T00:00:00-04:00
2018-10-15T00:00:00-04:00
Where:
Fort Ligonier Days
30 PA-711
Ligonier, PA 15658
USA
Cost:
10.00 adults, lower prices for children, senior citizens
Contact:
(724) 238 - 9701

FORT LIGONIER 1

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Fort Ligonier Days –

Siege the Day

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9:30 am – 5:00 pm [October 12-14)

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Dramatic battle reenactments, artillery demonstrations, and reenactors (Sat. & Sun.) to commemorate the pivotal October 12, 1758 French and Indian War Battle at Fort Ligonier.

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See Fort Ligonier Event Website

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https://www.fortligonier.org/event/

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PAST 2018

EVENTS

HIGHLIGHTED HERE


 

 

Saturday, April 28, 2018

Renovated Art Gallery Opens at Fort Ligonier

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What to see?

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Benjamin West sketch.

It shows a British officer in 1758 reclaiming the remains of family members killed on Braddock’s Field in the Battle of the Monongahela, an earlier engagement of the French and Indian War.

“It depicts the emotional moment when Major Sir Francis Halkett identified the bones of his father and brother, both killed under what a witness called a remarkable tree over three years before,” Nuckles said.

The sketch will be displayed next to “The Reunion,” an historical painting of the same scene by modern artist Robert Griffing.

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See this story on the Virginia Regiment coming to this battle site November 27, 1758.

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William Pitt, the Elder tray.

Joining the display will be a silver serving tray that bears the crest of colonial British official William Pitt, whose name is recalled in Fort Pitt and Pittsburgh.

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Colonel Bouquet.

The gallery also will show editions of an 18th century book recounting Col. Henry Bouquet’s 1764 expedition into the Ohio Country to confront Native American foes during Pontiac’s War. In 1763, Bouquet’s British troops successfully defended their local encampment at Bushy Run against a native attack.

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George Washington.

As a bonus, marketing director Julie Donovan said, “George Washington will be here that day” — through an appearance by reenactor Dean Malissa, who has portrayed the first president at Washington’s restored home, Mount Vernon.

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Paintings.

Moving back to the gallery will be 19 paintings that relate to the French and Indian War. Among the newer additions to the collection are five landscapes depicting sites from the war — including one created in 1854 to mark the centennial of Washington’s early setback, his surrender to the French at Fort Necessity.

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The gallery will be equipped with new iPads that allow visitors to explore additional works by the 11 represented artists — including Sir Joshua Reynolds, Allan Ramsay and Rembrandt Peale.

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HOURS.

Extended summer hours, until 7 p.m., on Thursdays and Fridays from June through August.  Normal hours through Nov. 25 are 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Saturday and 11 a.m to 5 p.m. Sunday.

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See article.

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 Timeline


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DURING BRADDOCK EXPEDITION

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See James Smith’s 1755 account of attack near Loyal Hannon  later known as Fort Ligonier after November 25, 1758.

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Source:

Pages 6 and 7 of – See  An account of the remarkable occurrences in the…An account of the remarkable occurrences in the life and travels of Colonel James Smith (Late a citizen of Bourbon County, Kentucky) : during his captivity with the Indians, in the years 1755,’56, ’57, ’58, & ’59  Author  Smith, James, 1737-1812

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FORBES EXPEDITION

See summary of the Forbes Expediton  by James Smith

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Forbes Army – Sept 3, 1758 
Major Grant leaves Loyalhanna for Fort Duquesne – Sept 11, 1758 

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Grant’s Forces DefeatedSept 14, 1758

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The Battle of Fort LigonierOct 12, 1758 

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From Wikipedia: “Outside the fort [James Burd] had stationed a number of men to guard supplies and others to guard the expedition’s animals as they grazed, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from the fort. These guards, who were widely dispersed, suffered the brunt of the French and Indian attack.”

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More on the 12 Oct 1758 attack on Loyalhanna

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The fort was still under construction when this attack occurred.  This fort at Loyalhanna was named Fort Ligonier by Forbes after the French abandoned Fort Duquesne 25 Nov 1758.

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See Founders Online note referenced in GW orders of 13 Oct 1758:

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Bouquet’s news gets to Forbes first:

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1General Forbes altered these orders on the morning of the fourteenth when he received a letter from Bouquet, written on the morning of 13 Oct. and now missing, with the news that the forces at Loyalhanna had been attacked by a body of French and Indians the day before.

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Burds news is written evening of the attack:

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Col. James Burd of the Pennsylvania Regiment, who was in command at Loyalhanna in Bouquet’s absence (see Orderly Book, 4 Oct., n.1), wrote Bouquet on the evening of the twelfth:

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“This day at 11 A: M the enemy fired 12 Guns to the South west of us upon which I sent out two partys to surround them but Instantly the firing increased, upon which I sent out a large party of 500 men they were forced to the Camp and Immediately a regular Attack Insued which lasted a long time I think above two hours. . . . I have drove them of[f] the field, but I don’t doubt of a second Attack . . . “(Stevens, Bouquet Papers, 2:552).

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Forbes actions:

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Upon getting Bouquet’s letter, Forbes ordered GW to march immediately with a contingent of the 1st Virginia Regiment to reinforce Bouquet at Stony Creek just over Allegheny Mountain on the road to Loyalhanna.

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At the same time he ordered a party of the 2d Virginia Regiment to relieve the detachment of the 1st Virginia Regiment that had marched with the wagons the night before so that they could join GW, bringing his party to a total of 200 men (see Forbes’s general orders for 14 Oct. quoted in note 8 of Orderly Book, 3 Nov. 1758).

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Washington Arrives – Oct 16, 1758 

Founders Online suggest different dates:

“…when GW was on his own, as he was for part of his march from Raystown to Loyalhanna, 14–22 Oct., and from Loyalhanna to Fort Duquesne, 14–25 Nov….”

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 On 14 Oct. GW went with 200 men of the 1st Virginia Regiment from Raystown to join Bouquet at a camp on Stony (Stoney) Creek (at present Stoystown).

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Bouquet was back at Loyalhanna on 18 Oct., . . .

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GW arrived at the post at Loyalhanna on 23 October.

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General Forbes Arrives – Nov 2, 1758

General Forbes arrives from Bedford.

Ligonier becomes 2nd most populated spot in PA

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General Forbes Remains – Nov 11, 1758
General Forbes decides to remain at Loyalhanna for the winter due to the strength of French forces.

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A “friendly fire” incident occurs near Loyalhanna. French prisoners are taken and they claim the French have evacuated Fort Duquesne.

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Friendly Fire – Nov 12, 1758

Lt Col George Mercer’s men of 2nd VA Regiment and Col George Washington’s VA Regiment open fire on each other mistaking the other to be the enemy.

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From Fort Ligonier website states it was Lt Col George Mercer’s men in the Friendly Fire incident with George Washington’s men.

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But the Mt Vernon websites states it is Hugh Mercer, not George Mercer.

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This is from the Fort Ligonier website:

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At dusk on November 12, Colonel George Washington, then 26 years of age, led on foot a detachment of 500 Virginia soldiers from Fort Ligonier. Shortly afterward, Lieutenant Colonel George Mercer led an additional 500 men by a different route. The two leaders planned to surround a force of 140 French and Native American warriors which, they believed, was trying to steal the British army’s cattle and horses. Three prisoners were captured; the rest withdrew to Fort Duquesne, 50 miles to the west.

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Soon, the two Virginia units encountered each other in the darkness, and, mistaking each other for the enemy, engaged in friendly fire that killed or left missing 38 soldiers and two officers. Intelligence gathered from the prisoners indicated that Fort Duquesne was weak. 

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Founders Online suggest different dates:

 at Chestnut Hill, at a site “near Bush Run,” “at Bullock Camp,” at John Armstrong’s New Camp, at a place near Turtle Creek, and finally at the post GW established on Turtle Creek, called Washington’s Camp.

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Decision reversed – Nov 13, 1758
The previous decision to remain at Loyalhanna is reversed
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Forbes army departs – Nov 14, 1758
Forbes’s army departs Loyahanna for Fort Duquesne.

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Founders Online suggest different dates:

GW marched from Loyalhanna on the afternoon of 15 Nov. in command of one of the three brigades into which Forbes had divided his forces on 14 Nov. for a rapid march on Fort Duquesne.

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Bouquet joined GW at Washington’s Camp on 20 Nov 1758

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Explosion heard – Nov 24, 1758
An advance party of Forbes’s army hear a large explosion from the west.
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Fort Duquesne overtaken – Nov 25, 1758 -Fort Duquesne is overtaken by the British.
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Renamed Fort Ligonier – Nov 27, 1758
Forbes (at Pittsburgh) names the post at Loyalhanna, Fort Ligonier
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Washington Leaves – Dec 2, 1758
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Source of timeline:
http://fortligonier.org/history/timeline/

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WHICH FLAG?


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We wonder if this flag flew?

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A soldier painted a picture of Fort Ligonier in 30th June 1762 of this flag flying over this fort

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But …

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Or did this flag (below) fly over Fort Ligonier?

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This flag is alleged to have been found at Fort Bedford.

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See more on this:

http://jimmoyer1.wixsite.com/mercercompany1stva/single-post/2016/05/15/Which-Flag-Flew

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Or this site’s claim:

http://www.motherbedford.com/Flags03.htm

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2017 events and programs


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Friday, Apr 28

Fort Ligonier Annual Meeting – The Annual Meeting for members of the Fort Ligonier Association will be held in the new Center for History Education on Friday, April 28, 2017. Reception at 6:00 PM, Program at 7:00 PM. $25 per person.

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Saturday, Apr 29

Fort Ligonier Opens for the 2017 Season – Fort Ligonier historic site and museum will open on Saturday, April 29. Please note that new exhibit galleries will still be under construction, but you may have the opportunity for a “sneak peek” while in the museum!

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Sunday, May 07

Free Museum Day in the Ligonier Valley – Special programs at Fort Ligonier, Antiochian Heritage Museum, Compass Inn Museum, Lincoln Highway Experience, LV Rail Road Museum and So. Alleghenies Museum of Art. Free admission for all!  10:00 AM – 4:00 PM

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Saturday, May 27 – Sunday, May 28

18th Century Military History Weekend – Step into history as the detachment of the 8th PA Regiment and troops from “Seven Years War, Inc.” encamp at Fort Ligonier throughout the weekend! Experience the 18th century, meet soldiers and officers, and see living history and tactical demonstrations. Regular admission fees apply.

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Monday, Jun 12 – Friday, Jun 16

Fort Kids Camp I – June 12-16 9:00 AM – 2:30 PM – Fun, interactive day camp for kids who have completed grades 1-6. Campers will experience 18th century frontier life while exploring the Fort, playing games, creating crafts, going on scavenger hunts, and making new friends. Advance registration required. Scholarships are available. Call our Education Department – 724-238-9701.

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Monday, Jul 10 – Friday, Jul 14

Fort Kids Camp II – July 10-14 9:00 AM – 2:30 PM: Fun, interactive day camp for kids who have completed grades 1-6. Campers will experience 18th century frontier life while exploring the Fort, playing games, creating crafts, going on scavenger hunts, and making new friends. Advance registration required. Scholarships available. Call our Education Department – 724-238-9701.

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Friday, Oct 13 – Sunday, Oct 15, 2017

FORT LIGONIER DAYS – October 13-15 – Visit Ligonier for our annual three-day festival, commemorating the historic Battle of Fort Ligonier which occurred in 1758. At the Fort, you will hear the roar of the cannons, meet British and French troops, and enjoy living history demonstrations throughout the weekend! (Regular admission fees.)

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http://fortligonier.org/news-events/events-calendar/

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Compiled by Jim Moyer … latest update 5/17/2017, 5/19/2017, 7/12/2017, 4/18/2018

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2016 events and programs


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Sunday, Feb 21

Walking in Washington’s Footsteps – Hear wild tales of wonder, see what Washington saw traveling into the unknown frontier now known as Western Pennsylvania, and learn about his interaction with colorful characters during this special presentation by Jason Cherry, reenactor, author, and portrayer of young George Washington. Program begins at 2 PM in the Fort Ligonier Museum. Suggested donation: $5/person.
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Friday, Apr 01

Opening Day – Fort Ligonier will reopen for the 2016 season on Friday, April 1.
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Sunday, May 01

Free Museum Day in the Ligonier Valley – FREE ADMISSION and special programs at Fort Ligonier, Compass Inn Museum, Antiochian Heritage Museum, Southern Alleghenies Museum of Art, Lincoln Highway Experience and Ligonier Valley Rail Road Museum, 10 AM – 4 PM.
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Saturday, May 28 – Sunday, May 29

18th Century Military History – Hear the cannons roar as the Detachment of the 8th PA Regiment and troops from “Seven Years War, Inc.” encamp throughout the weekend. See and experience the 18th century, meet soldiers and officers and see living history and tactical demonstrations.
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Tuesday, Aug 02 – Thursday, Aug 11

Can you dig it? – See an active archaeological excavation take place at Fort Ligonier during the Juniata College Field School on the grounds of historic Fort Ligonier!
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Saturday, Sep 03 – Sunday, Sep 04

Living History Weekend – Activities and demonstrations including candle dipping and 18th century cooking. Meet the people of the 18th century including a British officer, a laundress and regimental tailor. 10 AM – 4 PM, Saturday (9/3); 11 AM – 4 PM, Sunday (9/4)
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Friday, Oct 14 – Sunday, Oct 16

FORT LIGONIER DAYS – October 14, 15, 16 – Step into history as Ligonier commemorates the 1758 Battle of Fort Ligonier during this amazing annual town-wide three-day festival!

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Good overview of events for the Fort Ligonier Days:

See Fort Ligonier website

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2015  EVENTS

May 23-24, 2015

18th Century Military History

Hear the cannons roar as 100 troops will be encamped throughout the weekend. See and experience a variety of living history programs, drills and artillery demonstrations.

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“Walking in Washington’s Footsteps” — Sunday, February 21 at 2 PM

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Hear wild tales of wonder, see what George Washington saw traveling into the unknown frontier now known as Western Pennsylvania, and learn about his interaction with colorful characters during this special presentation by Jason Cherry, reenactor, author and portrayer of young Washington. Suggested donation: $5/person.

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Thursday, Jan 15

“Why America Is Free” Program – A 12-week, in-depth study of the 18th century for home school students in grades 4-12. Will meet on Thursdays, 9 AM – Noon, January 15 through April 9.  A few spaces are still available to participate in this unique, hands-on learning experience. Call Fort Ligonier’s Education Department for registration information, 724-238-9701.
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Sunday, Feb 22

“Elegance & Taste: Dressing for Washington’s Inaugural Ball” – A lecture presented by Erica Nuckles, Director of History and Collections. Doors open at 1:30 PM, lecture at 2:00 PM. Suggested donation of $5/person. Call 724-238-9701 to reserve your seat!
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Saturday, Mar 07

Volunteer Open House – We want YOU! Recruiting volunteers to assist with museum tours, events and activities for the 2015 season. Stop in and learn about these opportunities. Can’t make it on Saturday, March 7? Call for an application – 724-238-9701.
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Wednesday, Apr 01

Facts or Fools? – 7:00 – 8:30 PM – Find the myths and mistakes during this unique, fun “April Fool’s Day” tour experience, where the objective is to determine the truth – or be a fool! Call 724-238-9701 to make your reservation. $8 per person. (Recommended for those 21 and older.)
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Monday, Apr 13

Home School Day – Special educational programs for home school students and families. Advance registration required.
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Monday, Apr 27

“Wheels” – Transportation thru the Valley – Wheels, shoes, hooves, stagecoaches, rail cars, and automobiles! Join Fort Ligonier, Compass Inn Museum, LV Rail Road Museum, and Lincoln Highway Experience for this home school program exploring the evolution of local transportation. Advance registration required. $12/person. Call 724-238-9701.
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Friday, May 08

Annual Membership Meeting – Member reception at 6 PM, followed by an annual update and presentation by guest speaker, historical artist John Buxton. Invitations have been mailed to members of the Fort Ligonier Association.
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Monday, Jun 15 – Sunday, Jun 19

Fort Kids Camp I – 9:00 AM – 2:30 PM – Day camp for kids who have completed grades 1-6. Pre-registration required.
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Friday, Jun 19

A Taste of History – 5:30 – 7:30 PM A casual evening with friends at the Fort! Enjoy bread baking demonstrations by Ed Tutino, great music provided by Joe Golden and Pat Petrarca and refreshments. $8.00/members of the Fort Ligonier Association; $12.00/non-members
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Saturday, Jun 27

Westmoreland Symphony Orchestra Concert – The Westmoreland Symphony Orchestra concert, originally scheduled for Saturday evening, June 27, has been cancelled due to the severe weather forecast.
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Monday, Jul 13 – Sunday, Jul 17

Fort Kids Camp II – 9:00 AM – 2:30 PM – Day camp for kids who have completed grades 1-6. Pre-registration required.
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Friday, Aug 14

Night at the Fort Museum: Secrets of the Fort – 7 PM – Our museum comes alive during this entertaining, interactive event! New this year: an overnight option. Space is limited – registration required; no refunds. $15/person for evening option (7 – 9 PM); $45/person for overnight (7 PM – 8:30 AM).
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Friday, Aug 28

A Taste of History – 5:30 – 7:30 PM A casual evening with friends at the Fort! Pizza-baking demonstrations in our field ovens by Sharon Detar, refreshments, and great music by Joe Golden and Pat Petrarca. $8.00/members; $12.00/non-members
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Monday, Sep 14

Home School Day – “The Game of Life – 1758” Special programs for home school students and families. Learn about life as an officer, as a Native American, French fur trader, camp follower, sutler and more. Doors open at 9:45 AM. Advance registration required. $8/person by September 8; $10/person after the 9/8 deadline.
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Tuesday, Sep 22

Home School Day – “The Game of Life – 1758” Special programs for home school students and families. Learn about life as an officer, as a Native American, French fur trader, camp follower, sutler and more. Doors open at 9:45 AM. Advance registration required. $8/person by September 8; $10/person after the 9/8 deadline.
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Friday, Oct 09

Colonial Costume Contest – Judging of the Fort Ligonier Days Colonial Costume Contest for children in grades K through 5 will take place in the Fort Ligonier Museum on Friday at 3:00 PM. Prizes will be awarded: 1st Place – $300; 2nd Place – $200; 3rd Place – $100. Thanks to Fort Ligonier Days, Inc. for sponsoring this event and providing the prizes.
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Saturday, Oct 10

FORT LIGONIER DAYS – Saturday – Visit British and French camps, see 18th century cooking and blacksmithing demonstrations, and a regiment of artificers. Cannon firings at 1:30 and 3:30 PM; battle demonstrations at 2 and 4 PM. Open 9 AM – 5 PM. Regular admission fees. $10/adults; $6/kids 6-16; Free/kids 5 & under, members of Fort Ligonier Assoc., active military and veterans.
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Sunday, Oct 11

FORT LIGONIER DAYS – Sunday – Visit British and French camps and see 18th century cooking and blacksmithing demonstrations. At 12:30 PM, attend Lieutenant Jocelyn’s funeral in the British Camp. Cannons will fire at 1 and 3 PM; battle demonstrations at 1:30 and 3:30 PM. Open 9:30 AM – 5 PM. Regular admission fees.
Sunday, Oct 11

Meet the Author – Matt Wulff – Matt Wulff, author of “Henry Bouquet’s Destiny: The March to Bushy Run,” will be in Fort Ligonier’s Museum Store on Sunday, October 11, from 11 AM – 4 PM, for book signings.
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Thursday, Oct 22

Fall Lecture Series – 6:30 PM – Dick Phillips, author of “Arthur St. Clair: The Invisible Patriot,” will discuss the interesting life of Arthur St. Clair, who was caretaker of Fort Ligonier after it was decommissioned in 1766. No fee to attend.
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Thursday, Oct 29

Fall Lecture Series – 6:30 PM – Sam Napoleon, Owner of Gatti Napoleon Tailoring, and Justin Meinert, Living History Program Coordinator at Fort Pitt Museum will present, “Recreating the 60th Royal American Regiment Uniform.” No fee to attend.
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Friday, Oct 30

Horrors of History – 7:00 PM – An interactive program on death, dying and disease in the 18th century. Recommended for those 13 years and older. $13 per person. Advance reservations are required. Call 724-238-9701.
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Saturday, Nov 07

Last Day of Regular Operating Hours – Fort Ligonier and the Museum will be closed for the 2015-16 winter months.

Thursday, Nov 12

Washington’s Friendly Fire Incident – 6:00 PM – Reception; 6:30 PM – Remarks on the Friendly Fire Incident; 6:45 PM – Dr. Holly A. Mayer of Duquesne University presents, “From Forts to Families”
Saturday, Dec 05 – Tuesday, Dec 06

Holiday Open House – 12:00 – 4:00 PM Visit in our museum galleries and enjoy holiday shopping in Fort Ligonier’s Museum Store. Free admission. Outside Fort area will be closed.
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Past Events:

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FRIDAY- Gallery talks with Col. Henry Bouquet. Living history demonstrations throughout the weekend.  SATURDAY & SUNDAY – Artillery Demonstrations (1:30 & 3:30 PM Saturday; 1:00 & 3:00 PM Sunday) and Reenactments commemorating the Battle of Fort Ligonier (2:00 & 4:00 PM Saturday; 1:30 & 3:30 PM Sunday).

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Author of the Gauntlet Runner, the 4th in a series of books for each year of the French and Indian War is on hand to autograph and talk about the book Oct 12th 2014. See article in link:

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http://triblive.com/neighborhoods/yourligonier/6770808-74/bailey-fort-ligonier#axzz3FAwvEcSq

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See official Fort Ligonier website: http://fortligonier.org/

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Intersection of U.S. and PA Route 711

200 South Market Street

Ligonier, Pennsylvania 15658

(724) 238 – 9701

https://www.ligonier.com/fortligonierdays.php

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see http://fortligonier.org/visit/ for updates on any prices

2014 Admission Prices

Adult: $10.00
Child (age 6-16) $6.00
Child (age 5 and under) FREE

Senior Citizens and Students (ages 17-21) are $8.00. Active members of the Military are FREE. Price includes admission to all galleries and exhibits in the museum and the fort area. Tours are self-guided.

Prices for Group Tours and Programs vary and reservations must be made in advance by contacting the Education Department.

 

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Fort Ligonier timeline.

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October 12, 1758 —While the fort was still under construction, the Battle of Fort Ligonier was fought; the four-hour assault resulted in a French defeat. The French forces attempted to attack again at nightfall, but were forced to retreat by mortar fire from the fort.

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November 12, 1758 —The command of Col. Forbes ran across another squad of De Vitri’s French troops lurking around Fort Ligonier. The British attacked, killing one and taking three prisoners. One of the prisoners turned out to be an Englishman who had been taken from his home in Lancaster County by anti-British Native Americans. His information concerning the weak condition of Fort Duquesne was corroborated by that of the French prisoners. Forbes therefore resolved to push forward to capture Fort Duquesne.

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November 12, 1758 —FRIENDLY FIRE INCIDENT. DEADLY.  Units led by George Washington (1st Virginia) and Lieutenant Colonel George Mercer (2nd Virginia) accidentally engaged each other in heavy fog and at night. Two officers and 38 men were killed or wounded.

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November 1758 —4,000 troops encamped at the fort, making Ligonier the second-largest community in Pennsylvania.

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November 25, 1758 —Forbes captured Fort Duquesne. March 1766—Fort Ligonier was abandoned after the conclusion of the French and Indian War.

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