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Mar
18

George Washington Hotel Events

By
When:
May 19, 2017 @ 6:00 pm – 9:00 pm
2017-05-19T18:00:00-04:00
2017-05-19T21:00:00-04:00
Where:
George Washington Hotel, a Wyndham International Resorts Hotel
103 E Piccadilly St
Winchester, VA 22601
USA

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Compiled, written by Jim Moyer  3/18/2017, 3/20/2017, 3/23/2017

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George Washington Hotel Events

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Erica Nuckles  Historian

on Charlotte Browne

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Yawn?  No. Not Yawn.

What we got here is a first hand eye witness  account.

An eye witness of the Braddock Expedition.

Like hacking email on a server, we got some goodies

in Charlotte Browne’s diary.

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That Braddock Street in Winchester VA you drive on every day?

That’s the guy  whose expedition Charlotte Browne joins

which meets a grisly end.

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And the location of that grisly end?

Well,  you know that Braddock Cannon

on  the Corner of Braddock and Cork?

That Cannon points you to  that grisly end’s location.

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And the skulls were mostly what was left 3 years later.

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Charlotte didn’t go all the way, having stopped at Fort Cumberland.

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But she saw the refugees from that horror.

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So come and see what she saw.

Erica Knuckles, our speaker, will tell you.

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Oh right. The skulls.

You want something more on those skulls, right?

Like substantiation?

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Douglas Southall Freeman writes about the Forbes Expedition ending in success. The French gave up. Leaving a burnt ghost of a fort, November 1758, three years after Braddock’s disaster.

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The victors arrive and see a smoking fort, Indians are standing on an island waiting to see the victors. The French are gone, having sent their cannon down river, and their magazines blown up.

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In Volume 2, Young George Washington, published by Charles Scribner and Sons, 1948,  pages 366-367, Douglas Southall Freeman writes:

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“…a service of thanksgiving on the 26th with a sermon, a day of celebration on the 27th, and then a solemn march to Braddock’s field, where the skulls of more than 450 men were buried. Their bones long before had been scattered by wolves.”

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Skulls less convenient for crunching?  See  wolf behavior.

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BACK TO  CHARLOTTE BROWNE


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Some excerpts and abridged quotes from source:

http://whilbr.org/itemdetail.aspx?idEntry=8085

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Charlotte Bristowe Browne

had been widowed

by the time she was appointed

Matron of the General Hospital

for the Braddock expedition.

As she had left her children in England,

she would later learn of her daughter’s death

In England while serving at Fort Cumberland…”

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In November 1754

Charlotte and her brother, who was an apothecary,

had sailed on the ship “London”,

part of the fleet transporting

the 44th and 48th British regiments

Braddock was to arrive earlier

at Fort Cumberland on May 10th.

Braddock departed  Fort Cumberland on June 9th, 1755.

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On the 1st of June 1755, Nurse Browne, her brother, two nurses, a servant, two cooks and fifty sick soldiers in wagons headed for Fort Cumberland. As the group approached Cresap’s Fort in Oldtown, Maryland. she wrote in her journal:

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“the road was so rough that it nearly disjoined me. I walked till my feet were blister’d.”

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Upon arriving at Fort Cumberland, just a few days after Braddock had already departed on his march to Fort Duquesne, she wrote: “the most desolate place I ever saw – the fort has no internal water supply and is crowded with wives of the enlisted men and local families who sought protection from the local Indian attack.”

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2 Excerpts  from Charlotte Browne’s diary:

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Maryland – Toward Fort Cumberland – June 12 (1755) – At 2 in the morning the drum beat, but I could have wish’d it to have stay’d a few hours longer, being very sleepy. We marched but there is no describing the badness of the roads. I walked as far as I was able. The poor horses no longer regard the smack of the whip or beat of the drum, and as to Black (Charlotte’s horse) she could go on no further. 2 of the waggons broke down. At 10 we came to the river (Potomac) and waited 6 hours before we could ferry over. At 8 at night we halted at a Rattlesnake Colonels nam’d Crisop. Had for supper some lamb, to drink some bad wine, which was but 5s. a quart! I could get no bed so went to my wagon

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Maryland-Toward Fort Cumberland – June 13 (1755) – At 3 few march’d but I was so ill I could not hold up my head. 3 of the waggons broke down at 4 in the afternoon. Mr. Bass came to meet us and gave me some letters from England. At 6 we came to Fort Cumberland the most desolate place I ever saw. Went to Mr. Cherrington who receive’d me kindly, drank tea and then went to the Governor to apply for quarters. I was put into a Hole that I could see daylight through every Log, and a port hole for a window; which was as good a room as any in the fort.”

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Nurse Browne worked tirelessly caring for the sick that remained at the fort during the campaign and nursed the sick, wounded and dying who arrived back at the fort on July 15 after Braddock’s defeat on July 9th at the Battle of the Monongahela six miles south of present day Pittsburgh.

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A few days later her brother died with a fever.

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She nursed the sick at the fort until following the retreating soldiers to Frederick, Maryland then on to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and finally to a hospital in Albany, New York.

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She ended her journal in August of 1757, too overwhelmed with work to write any further. What happened to Charlotte Browne is unknown, but her diary has survived to provide glimpses  . . . of long days laboring in a fort in … Cumberland, Maryland.

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From source:

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http://whilbr.org/itemdetail.aspx?idEntry=8085

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http://www.encyclopedia.com/defense/energy-government-and-defense-magazines/brown-charlotte-diary-nurse

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NOTES AND LINKS

FOR FURTHER RESEARCH


 

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http://triblive.com/news/westmoreland/8525511-74/nuckles-history-fort#axzz3dtnPVEIZ

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From a letter by Judge J.Yeates, August 21, 1775 Hazard’s History, Reg. p 105.

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http://www.discoverwildlife.com/animals/birds/which-animals-eat-bone-and-how-do-they-do-it

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https://books.google.com/books?id=811oCgAAQBAJ&pg=PA112&lpg=PA112&dq=DO+WOLVES+CHEW+SKULLS&source=bl&ots=KSBJT6uR5o&sig=4_BYfB9SLNObcMiA1uk1IDTD2Fo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwizuoWbt-bSAhXIRiYKHcfrCXUQ6AEISzAL#v=onepage&q=DO%20WOLVES%20CHEW%20SKULLS&f=false

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