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Nov
20

George Washington Moves Into Fort Loudoun

By
When:
December 2, 2015 all-day
2015-12-02T00:00:00-05:00
2015-12-03T00:00:00-05:00
Where:
419 N Loudoun St
Winchester, VA 22601
USA

COLONEL WASHINGTON MOVES INTO FORT LOUDOUN

by Jim Moyer

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December 2, 1756  George Washington moves out of Cocke’s Tavern 21 South Loudoun  (currently across the Winchester Thai restaurant on the Loudoun Street walking mall as of 2014 ) to his quarters at Fort Loudoun. Winchester VA.

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See pages 31-32 Quarles, page 34 Baker Fort Loudoun.

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Paid to Cocke’s Tavern at 21 South Loudoun Street:  40lbs  paid for a year’s rental

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Prior to above date George Washington would head his letters Winchester, but on this date and afterwards all his letters were datelined as Fort Loudoun. .

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Morton page 74 thinks Tradition has it that a room in the fort used by Washington was above the gateway commanding a view of Main Street (Loudoun Street).

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This tradition Morton speaks of is supported by the design of the fort. The officer’s quarters designated had a 2nd floor that was higher than the fort’s curtain walls and could overlook the downtown area.

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fort_loudoun_drawingcaptioned 419 N Loudoun Street aerial

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Washington always “datelines” his letters telling the reader his location. Not until 2 December 1756 does Washington dateline his letters “Fort Loudoun.”  All prior letters when he was in Winchester are datelined “Winchester.”

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On 2 December, 1756, Col Washington’s letter to Lt Gov Dinwiddie is datelined “Fort Loudoun”   .

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After detailing how the supplies have just been moved to Winchester from Fort Cumberland, Washington suggests that they should remain in Winchester:

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“And lastly; Winchester is in the centre, as it were, of all the Forts; is convenient for receiving intelligence & distributing orders—and notwithstanding any thing to the contrary, lies in a vale of land that has suffered more than any other from the incursions of the Enemy.”

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Sources:

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Fort Loudoun, Washington’s Fort in Virginia by Norman Baker, 2006 – referred to as “Baker Fort Loudoun.”

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George Washington and Winchester Virginia 1748-1758 by Garland R Quarles published in in Volume VIII of Winchester Frederick County Historical Society Papers 1974 –  referred to as “Quarles.”

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The Story of Winchester in Virginia, The Oldest Town in the Shenandoah Valley by Frederick Morton, 1925, republished by Heritage Books 2007 – hereafter referred to as “Morton.”

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