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Feb
07

Models and Pictures of Fort Loudoun Winchester VA

By
When:
February 6, 2018 all-day
2018-02-06T00:00:00-05:00
2018-02-07T00:00:00-05:00
Where:
County Govt bldg Kent St Winchester VA
107 N Kent St # 300
Winchester, VA 22601
USA

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Models and Pictures of Fort Loudoun Winchester VA

compiled by Jim Moyer originally 2015, updated 2/7/2018

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An old model of Fort Loudoun

used to sit in the in the Washington Office Museum on Cork and Braddock streets in Winchester VA is no longer there.

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This Model is wrong.

And it is Right.

Wrong – because it does not represent the French and Indian War fort George Washington designed.

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Right — Because it represents the Revolutionary War era of that fort when it became a prison.

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Most of the wood to the walls of the French and Indian War fort were taken over the 20 years so that a stockade had to be built when the prisoners of the Revolutionary War were stationed there.

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It used to sit in the George Washington Office Museum on Cork and Braddock.

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The model being newer, we allege, was based on a 1930s picture.

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To be fair, nowadays it is much easier to find original source material than it was before 2009 when many original source documents started to come online.

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This model of the fort now sits over at the Frederick County building on Kent Street.

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fort loudoun wrong model

Picture and caption from Handley Archives website:

Scale model of Fort Loudoun, made by Lewis Pearson. On display in George Washington’s Office Museum at 32 West Cork Street. Date uncertain. Two 3.5″ x 5″ b & w prints also in envelope. Slide also available in Slides collection; ask Archives staff for assistance.

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See Source:

http://handley.pastperfectonline.com/photo/B412E36B-F689-43D4-8A73-201451761791

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This model was probably based on this picture:

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fort loudoun wrong depiction

411 North Loudoun Street, Winchester, Va. as Fort Loudoun. Photograph of a sketch by Leslie Neil Woods done in the 1930s. – caption and picture from Handley Archives

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See source for above picture:

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http://handley.pastperfectonline.com/photo/0CE5CE51-FDAD-4F9D-80FE-477707540428

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Another picture, well drawn, but also inaccurate in portraying the fort in it French and Indian War incarnation as designed by Col George Washington can be seen at 419 N Loudoun St on the first floor office of the French and Indian War Foundation.

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Another photo of the model that sat in the Washington Office Museum on Cork and Braddock.

See Source:

http://handley.pastperfectonline.com/photo/0843315C-011D-49C3-AB5D-704114408530

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fort loudoun wrong model 2

George Washington Office-Museum, interior. Artifacts, scale model of Fort Loudoun, etc. Date given as 1975 – picture and caption from Handley Archives website

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And this model sat in the GW Office Museum for at least 25 years.

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fort loudoun model 3

Lewis Pearson (l) and Harry T. Cook (r), flanking the model of Fort Loudoun that Pearson built. Cook was the Director of the George Washington Office-Museum. Date given as 1950s. – FROM HANDLEY LIBRARY’S Stewart Bell Jr Archives

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It no longer sits at the George Washington Office Museum.  It now sits at the Frederick County offices on Kent Street Winchester VA.  We will visit this model soon to provide a contemporary photo of it.

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To repeat, the model was based on some drawing from the late 1920s, and early 1930s.

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The pictures we have found so far  of this model start in the 1950s and end in the 1970s.  We don’t know how long that model stayed.

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Yet.

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So how should the model look?

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fort_loudoun_drawingThe logs were hewn squarish and layed sideways,

not palisade vertical style as shown in model above.

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The moat was probably not dug because it was hard limestone.

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Washington’s men had to use blackpowder charges to blow up the stone to dig a well, which still exists at 419 N Loudoun St.

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The original walls as designed in drawing by Colonel George Washington were very thick at the base.  Dirt and rock was filled in between double walls.

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Video below is a primitive animation created by Jim Moyer.

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Washington designed some thick walls

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fort loudoun copy by quarles 2c

The walls were double walls.
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In between was filler of dirt and rock.

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The walls were tapered. Much thicker at the base.

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This is a copy made by Quarles of Washington’s original drawing.  Quarles drew this long before original source documents came online.

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Source:

 Garland R. Quarles, author of “George Washington and Winchester VA 1748-1758, A Decade of Preparation for Responsibilities to Come,” 1974, published by Winchester Frederick County Historical Society.

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Click on all pictures to enlarge. Hit backspace to return here.

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We have been told the model above now sits in the Frederick Co building on Kent Street.  We will visit and confirm with a picture of it.

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In its place is a diorama of Fort Loudoun and Winchester based on a 1777 map.

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This Diorama is now in the Washington Office Museum

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Fort Loudoun dominates small town of Winchester VA

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Nowadays, instead of that wrong model,

a diorama based on the 1777 map of Winchester made by a Hessian prisoner stationed at Fort Loudoun

sits in the museum.

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Notice how the road goes around the fort?

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Loudoun Street now goes straight through what remains of the Fort’s footprint.

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And here are the maps by that Hessian prisoner, with an overlay drawn in by local historian Wilbur S Johnston.

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Click on all photos to enlarge.

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Model of Fort Loudoun

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Click on all photos to enlarge.

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What would Fort Loudoun look now?

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And finally what would the original Fort Loudoun look like if superimposed on today’s landscape?

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View is looking north on N Loudoun Street from the corner of Loudoun and Piccadilly Streets.

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Where is the Model now ?

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All these photos of the model sitting in the Frederick County Government building were taken by Jim Moyer 2/8/2018 at 4pm

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If you got through the northern most door facing Kent St and closest to the Parking Garage at 107 N Kent St Winchester VA, you will see the model of Fort Loudoun tucked in the stair well of the lobby.

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Here is the model in stairwell of the lobby.

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The side of the model facing the stairs is where the front gate of the model fort can be seen.

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Click on all these photos to enlarge.

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Plaque on upper left of the glass case shows that model is the possession of the Winchester Frederick County Historical Society and is on loan to the Frederick County Govt building.

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