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Mar
14

Seige of Louisbourg

By
When:
September 1, 2018 – November 2, 2018 all-day
2018-09-01T00:00:00-04:00
2018-11-03T00:00:00-04:00
Where:
Fortress of Louisbourg
259 Park Service Rd
Louisbourg, NS B1C 2L2
Canada

Compiled and written by Jim Moyer 3/14-15/2018, 3/21-22/2018

Scroll further down to see Season and Calendar

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Seige of Louisbourg

8 June 1758 to 26 July 1758

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Source of photo: SEPTEMBER 19, 2017 BY BILL BRADLEY … Article on website Cape 94.9 radio station. $9.2 million will be spent on flood protection in light of rising sea levels and more intense storms. The fragile Barrier Beach will be reinforced and the Quay Wall raised. ….

Fortress Louisbourg

in Canada

shown  here on the left,

is why Winchester VA

has 4 streets,

Amherst,

Boscawen,

and Wolfe

named for the

3 heroes

who fought it

and a 4th

Lord  Loudoun

who was going to fight it.

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Photo  from Cape 94.9 Radio

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WORLDWIDE MAP

Go to street level and walk around the fortress area with your mouse or touch screen.

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Hit – minus sign of map to pull back and move left (east) to Wolfe’s Landing.  Pull back further and this map will reveal the sites of what Churchill called the first world wide war.
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Winchester Virginia

3 Street names

In October 1758  the House of Burgesses

approved three names,

Amherst, Boscawen and Wolfe

as street names submitted

by James Wood  September 21, 1758.

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Source: caption on photo below.

Click on photo to enlarge.

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Source of map above: Pages 50,  Garland R. Quarles author. “Winchester, Virginia Streets, Churches, Schools” published by Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society, compiled in 1996 of Streets 1958, Churches 1960, and Schools 1964.

Those three,

Amherst,

Wolfe and

Boscawen

were the heroes

of the Seige of Louisbourg

8 June 1758 to 26 July 1758

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Those 3 were later known

for other historical events.

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VICTORY

26 July 1758

“Reducing” Louisbourg

was a HUGE VICTORY

hailed across all

of the British Empire  —

including Winchester VA.

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Why Winchester Virginia?

Fort Loudoun

in Winchester VA

(not Fort Cumberland)

was the headquarters fort

for Colonel George Washington’s

Virginia Regiment,

whose mission was to

take Fort DuQuesne,

which was abandoned

by the French

25 November 1758.

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1758 Victory was PAYBACK

The Fortress of Louisbourg was originally taken by the Colonies under the financing of Massachusetts Governor Shirley in 1745 but then given back by the politicians to the French in the peace treaty after King George’s War (The War of Austrian Succession) 1748.

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1757 ATTEMPT

Loudoun Street was named before this addition to Winchester VA, but Lord Loudoun also had a connection to Louisbourg.

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Lord Loudoun prepared to lay seige to Louisbourg in 1757, a year before the three mentioned above but aborted the mission.

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Compare 1758 plat to 1777 map

Winchester Virginia USA

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Although the street names were approved in October 1758, the streets would not be built for 20 or more years.

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1777 map made by a Hessian Prisoner captured the day after George Washington famously crossed the Delaware to attack Trenton on Christmas Day. This prisoner’s map indicates some of the streets in James Wood’s 1758 addition to Winchester still weren’t formed by 1777. Click on picture to enlarge. The overlay of the modern street and the captions and map work compiled and designed by Wilbur S Johnston.

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Source:

Pages 46-47, 81-82. Garland R. Quarles author. “Winchester, Virginia Streets, Churches, Schools” published by Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society, compiled in 1996 of Streets 1958, Churches 1960, and Schools 1964.

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This 1777 map still doesn’t show WOLFE Street has been built yet.

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Nor does it show Amherst or Boscawen built yet.

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The Four Streets of Winchester VA

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See story on Wolfe Street.

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See story on Boscawen Street.

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See story on Amherst Street.

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See story on Loudoun Street.

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Where is

Colonel George Washington

during the

Siege of Louisbourg?


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George Washington is in Fort Cumberland, working on building Road and providing supplies and men for the Forbes Expedition.

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General Forbes arrives in Carlisle PA, July 4, 1758.

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Colonel George Washington is in Fort Cumberland

and receives this letter

July 20, 1758

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In 4 days, GW is going to win a seat to the House of Burgesses.

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But in this letter

he is informed:

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about the Indians on a foray against Fort DuQuesne

 

about the loss at Fort Carillon

 

about the investment and possible win coming of the Siege of Fortress Louisbourg.

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To George Washington from Abraham Bosomworth, 20 July 1758

From Abraham Bosomworth

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Camp at Rays Town 20th July 1758

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Dear Sir

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About the Foray against Fort Duquesne:

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I have the pleasure to acquaint you that Yesterday a Runner arrived here from one of the Parties of Indians which I had sent out to Fort du Quesne & brought the agreeable News of their having killed & Scalped one Frenchman & mortally wounding two others near the Fort, they only saw a few Indians but that a great Number of Frenchmen were at work in some Trenches at a small distance from the Fort I verily believe they are but weak & that their main Body of Indians is certainly gone to the Northward.1 

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Investing Fortress Lousibourg:

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I have the Satisfaction of assuring you that our Troops were all Landed in Gabrouse Bay and had suffered much from the French in their Trenches & Battery which they had erected to annoy them the Highlanders distinguished themselves greatly in this Action by falling upon their Flanks, & forcing their Trenches The French abandoned all their Batterys along ⟨Shore⟩ & we had made ourselves masters of the Lighthouse Battery & hope before this we are in Possession of Louisbourg, we have also taken a 64 Gun Ship coming in there with a Transport or two.2 

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About the loss at Fort Carillon:

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I’m sorry to tell you that the brave Lord was killed in dispossessing the French of one of their Posts in a small Island upon Lake George that we had taken 140 Soldrs Prisoners & 8 Officers after Landing & were in Possession of the same, I can’t give you an exact account where Genl Abercromby was but its thought he must be in Possession of Ticonderoga before this or repulsed there are various Conjectures.3 

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Other Details:

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Your Canteens are not yet come up but are upon the road as soon as they come here shall take Care to send them,4 I have desired Mr Gist to deliver you a dozen of Lemons wch were all I could gett5 The Artillery is at Shippens Town & I expect the Genl here the beginning of next week, I have heard that Genl Stanwix is at Albany collecting all the N. York Militia Nothing further remarkable. I am Dr Sir your much Obliged Hble Servt

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A. Bosomworth

My Complts to Capt. Stuart &ca.

ALSDLC:GW.

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1. Bosomworth gave to Forbes on this date further details of this incident and then added that he had “another Party out laying Wait for a Prisoner over the Ohio” (ViU: Forbes Papers). Bouquet reported to Forbes on 21 July the killing of the Frenchman and what the findings of the party of Cherokee were (Stevens, Bouquet Papers, 2:251–56).

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2. The French surrendered the bastion at Louisburg on 26 July following a siege by land and sea directed by Gen. Jeffrey Amherst, the new commander in chief of British forces in North America.

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3. For the defeat of Gen. James Abercromby’s army at Fort Ticonderoga earlier this month, see Joseph Chew to GW, 17 July.

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4. For the arrival of the canteens, see Bosomworth to GW, 9 August.

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5. This is probably Lt. Nathaniel Gist of the 1st Virginia Regiment and not his younger brother Thomas Gist who had recently been made an ensign in the regiment. The Mr. Gist whom GW sent with an escort for wagons to Robert Stewart at Thomas Cresap’s in August also was probably Nathaniel. See Stewart to GW, 58 August.

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-05-02-0246

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See links on Louisbourg:

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Great video on this seige.

https://www.nfb.ca/film/louisbourg_under_siege/

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Wikipedia overview

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Louisbourg_(1758)

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Canadian Encyclopedia

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/louisbourg/

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http://www.militaryheritage.com/louisbg.htm

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Contemporary Sources at Clement

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/clementsmss/umich-wcl-M-4858lou?rgn=main;view=text

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Shipwrecks at the Seige

https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/event/shipwrecks-1758-siege-louisbourg-sarah-nicholson

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Visit this Park?

http://www.pc.gc.ca/en/lhn-nhs/ns/louisbourg

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This is not a Still Photo.

Walk around in the “Reduced” Fortress Louisbourg, with your Mouse or Touchscreen.

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Facebook Link

https://www.facebook.com/Fortress-Louisbourg-Association-216181515095381/

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See Season and Calendar info:

http://www.fortressoflouisbourg.ca/uploads/file/Reference%20Guide%202014.pdf

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May 19 to June 30

Shoulder Season

Open 7 days per week – 9:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

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July 1 to September 1

Peak Season

Open 7 days per week – 9:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

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September 2 to October 13

Shoulder Season

Open 7 days per week – 9:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

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October 14 to May 17

Low season

Open Monday to Friday – 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. excluding holidays

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LOW SEASON

Opportunities to experience the Fortress of Louisbourg’s quiet streets during the low season allow visitors to imagine life in the toughest of conditions, as it would have been lived more than 300 years ago. While the majority of services in the town are not available, a low-season visit may provide the best opportunity for visitors to experience the stillness of the streets, take in the beauty of the exterior architecture of the buildings, or simply enjoy the treasures that life’s quietest moments may bring.

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THE 2 SHOULDER SEASONS

For those seeking quiet opportunities yet perhaps desiring some services, visiting during the shoulder season is recommended. Visitors have the opportunity to enjoy great solitude in an inspiring setting with beautiful visuals as they stand on our history-laden grounds. The Fortress of Louisbourg is an ideal place to walk, reflect, and ponder about life long ago, at present, or into the future. Guided tours and our interactive Time Travel experience are available during this time for an added fee.

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PEAK SEASON

brings a different kind of magic on site as costumed people add life to the streets and the homes. A foggy day cloaks the site in mystery and creates scenes and images not to be forgotten. A cold day with wind and rain may draw visitors to the warmth of a welcoming fire or to the cozy inn for a warming bowl of soup. A hot day shows the town and its various gardens at their brightest. On summer feast days, colour and pageantry break the routine of daily life as the townspeople promenade in their finery.

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Chores are the order of the day on summer mornings. With the rooster’s crow comes bread from the ovens that supplies both soldiers and hungry visitors. During the peak season Louisbourg’s inhabitants, who are happy to share their stories, can be found working the forge, tending the gardens and running the kitchens. The beat of drums and the chime of the garrison clock order the soldiers’ day.

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The sound of a cannon marks midday..

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Music might be heard from a waterfront tavern. Children play games in the streets, while the sentry at the gate challenges those who wish to enter the walled town. A public punishment gathers spectators. Sheep run through the streets, called home by the stable hand. Each hour offers something unique. Guided tours and other immersive opportunities are available to enhance your visit. Please note that an extra fee may apply for some of our special offers. 10 When the Fortress of Louisbourg is closed, programs and services are provided through the Fortress Louisbourg Association after-hours programs.

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Enhanced programming throughout the day, evening, or overnight is also provided by the Fortress Louisbourg Association.

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Whether it’s to enjoy the bustling streets or the solitude of the shore, a visit to the Fortress of Louisbourg offers many opportunities for memorable experiences.

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If your group or organization would like to customize an experience at the Fortress of Louisbourg please contact us to discuss possibilities at (902) 733-3552.

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For a full appreciation of the Fortress of Louisbourg, it is recommended that you visit during the peak season when the level of service is at its highest point and most of the visitor experience opportunites are available.

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There are two different ways to access the fortified town.

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One method is to access it through the Parks Canada Visitor Centre, which is open during peak season.

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