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Apr
08

SNOW falls on Dunbar’s 48th

By
When:
April 15, 2017 all-day
2017-04-15T00:00:00-04:00
2017-04-16T00:00:00-04:00
Where:
Dowden's Ordinary 1754
Dowden's Ordinary Special Park
Shaws Tavern Ct, Clarksburg, MD 20871
USA

Compiled by Jim Moyer 2017, updated 4/15/2019, 4/11/2020

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Braddock Expedition

SNOW falls on Dunbar’s 48th

Dowden’s Ordinary


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BIG SNOW hit Braddock’s men on 15 April, 1755.   

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Forecasts threatened snow  7 April 2018.   

It never came about.

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Neither did the goals discussed at Carlyle House   come about.

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The Grand Congress Plan


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The “Grand Congress” of the colonial Governors met at the Carlyle House.

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These Governors were:  Horatio Sharpe of Maryland,  Robert Hunter Morris of Pennsylvania,  William Shirley of Massachusetts and  James De Lancey of New York  and Lt Gov Robert Dinwiddie who was for all purposes the Governor.

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They planned on  15 April to 19 April 1755  to win ALL OF NORTH AMERICA in a 4 prong attack.

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To simplify:

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Braddock would reduce Fort DuQuesne. 

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Governor ShirleyFort Niagara.

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William JohnsonFort St. Frederick at Crown Point.

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Robert Monckton – Fort Beauséjour.

 

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But  back to the Braddock’s men on their march

before the Big Snow


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15 April 1755  —

Braddock’s men under Dunbar’s 48th Regiment were marching  through Maryland while the Governors and Braddock were enjoying fine food and wine discussing the demise of New France.

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Here’s where the blizzard happened.

Right here.  Dowdens Ordinary.

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See location of Dowden’s Ordinary on this map.

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OVERVIEW

After leaving Alexandria-Rock Creek area, the Braddock Expedition split up.

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Peter Halkett’s 44th went on the VA side.

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Dunbar’s 48th  marched on the MD side.

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This split up the foraging  and burden on the countryside.

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Photo from Allen Browne’s Blog

Dunbar’s 48th Regiment arrives and stays for a day.
Norman Baker’s Braddock’s Road page 27.

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 More on Dowden’s Ordinary: see Allen Browne’s Blog.

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Dunbar’s March

through Maryland offered only a few variations on Halkett’s march through Virginia.  With Spendelow’s Royal Navy detachment leading the way, the men endured a fifteen mile march on April 14,1755.”
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OWEN’S ORDINARY
The dusty road choked the men and sullied uniforms by the time they encamped at Owen’s Ordinary.

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From Sweltering to Cold


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PHOTO of a reconstructed Downden’s Ordinary from DAR, Daughters of American Revolution

DOWDEN’S ORDINARY

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The next day brought a sweltering sixteen mile march to another ordinary – very modest in proportions – that settler Michael Dowden had opened in 1754.
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America’s volatile weather was fully displayed to Dunbar’s men on the night of April 15 at Dowden’s Ordinary.

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( Photo from DAR is in this link )

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SNOW

APRIL 15, 1755


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“That oppressively hot day had given way to powerful thunderstorms and falling temperatures throughout the night; the next morning the soldiers awoke to blizzard-like conditions and more than a foot of snow.
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Cholmley’s servant remembered that the snow was “so Vialent” that they had to clean off the tents sagging under the heavy weight.
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The local weather added to the the sense of strangeness with which British regulars perceived the land.
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One British officer noted that the “thunder and lightning storms were so severe that “all the Elements seem on Fire.”
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The storm halted the advance for an entire day.
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As the men struggled to find shelter and fodder for the horse.
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FLOODED MONOCACY
When Dunbar’s column resumed its march to the Monocacy River on April 17, the men found it flooded from the recent rains and were forced to cross over on a float.
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FREDERICK MD
That evening the British made camp at Frederick, a small town founded only ten years earlier. Whose largely German inhabitants were described as industrious people by Midshipman Gill. Footnote 46.”

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Source Page 90
Braddock’s Defeat: The Battle of the Monongahela and the Road to Revolution By David Lee Preston.

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http://www.mountvernon.org/george-washington/french-indian-war/braddocks-defeat-an-interview-with-david-preston/

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MORE LINKS:

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All of George Washington’s letters to and from John Carlyle.

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William and Mary Quarterly from 1910 on the Carlyle House and the Grand Congress.

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Dowden’s Ordinary Archaeological Site, MN-CPPC of Montgomery County, Maryland

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http://www.montgomerycollege.edu/neharchaeology/dowdens/history.pdf

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NOTES


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posted  ON FB 4/8/2018 … 845am
175,306 Frontier Forts Google Maps
39124 French and Indian War Foundation

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Photo of Dowden’s Ordinary in this link.

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http://www.threefernsfilms.com/Luxmanor/Luxmanor_History/Colonial_Era.html

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