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Jan
02

TREATY OF PARIS 10 FEBRUARY 1763

By
When:
February 10, 2015 all-day
2015-02-10T00:00:00-05:00
2015-02-11T00:00:00-05:00

This world wide war, known here as the French and Indian War, although technically ended,  really had no neat beginning, middle or end, but was a continuum in the ever westward expansion going on.

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Some Provisions of the Treaty

February 10, 1763: Treaty of Paris

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All French possessions east of the Mississippi, except New Orleans, are given to the British.

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All French possessions west of the Mississippi are given to the Spanish.

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Spain gives Florida to the British.

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Britain restored the captured Manila and Havana to Spain, and Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Gorée, and the Indian factories to France.

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France loses all of Canada except the islands  Saint Pierre and Miquelon  to dry the fish as France retains fishing rights off Newfoundland.  To this day France still owns those 2 islands off the Canadian coast.

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Boundary drawn to prevent colonists moving west and thus prevent costly Indian Wars.  This line was drawn months after in October of 1763 just before Pontiac capitulated.  See Washington’s letter about ignoring the Proclamation of 1763 line  (LINK COMING)

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TIMELINE leading to PONTIAC’S WAR

See Treaty of Paris 1763 February 10, 1763

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The treaty ended the war between the Whites and even tried to draw a line the Whites would not migrate past, but the colonists ignored this line.   And so the Native Americans resumed the fight.

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April 27, 1763: Indian Wars  Pontiac, the Ottowa Chief, proposes a coalition of Ottowas, Potawatomies and Hurons for the purpose of attacking Detroit.

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May 9, 1763: Battle of Detroit  Pontiac’s forces lay siege to Detroit. That summer, his allies destroy forts at Venango, Le Boeuf and Presque Isle

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July 1763: Smallpox Event.   Men of the garrison at Fort Pitt infect besieging chiefs with blankets from the smallpox hospital. Soon faced with an epidemic, the Indians retreat.  See letter implicating Jeffrey Amherst who became famous in the  Seige of Louisbourg in 1758  and is why many place names celebrate that victory such as a street in Winchester VA or Amherst University in Massachusetts.  But now this name is being challenged everywhere because of Amherst’s letter to Bouquet  June 24th 1763 .

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October 7, 1763: The Royal Proclamation of 1763, by King George III .  See Washington’s letter about ignoring the Proclamation of 1763 line  (LINK COMING)

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October 31, 1763: Pontiac capitulates at Detroit.  Hostile actions abate temporarily only to resume.  See the continuum of this war of westward expansion.

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