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Jun
07

Washington Wins 1758 House of Burgesses

By
When:
July 22, 2018 @ 1:00 pm – 3:30 pm
2018-07-22T13:00:00-04:00
2018-07-22T15:30:00-04:00
Where:
1840 Courthouse
20 N Loudoun St
Winchester, VA 22601
USA

Washington’s Political Career Starts Here

Compiled by Jim Moyer, last updated 10/15/2015,  7/17/2016,10/2/16,  11/26/2016, 12/11/2016, 4/27/2017. 4/27/2018, 6/4/2018, 6/6/2018, 6/30/2018, 7/1/2018, 7/25/2108

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July 22, 2018, Sunday Afternoon, 1pm to 3pm, 299 votes cast

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WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, WHY?


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What?

We are re-staging the first election win of George Washington.

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When?

This event will be 1pm to 330pm, Sunday, 22 July 2018 to commemorate that win.

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The place?

The front lawn of the 1840 Courthouse

now known as the Civil War Museum,

on the Loudoun Street walking Mall

in Winchester VA.

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This Exact Place? Why?

This is exactly where George Washington

won his first elective office

in 1758

for the House of Burgesses of Virginia,

under King George II

who ruled Great Britain, Ireland,

and

 Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover)

and as elector in the Holy Roman Empire.

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What to Expect?

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David Downes of Virginia Beer Museum created this photo for quick glance at who is playing which candidate. Click or touch to Enlarge photo.

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You will see 4 people sitting at a table.

They are the 4 candidates.

The High Sheriff of Frederick County stands behind.

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The public is invited to form a line to vote.

Each voter must SAY OUT LOUD

the top 2 candidates they want.

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The candidates who were picked

will stand up

and either bow to the voter

or shake the voter’s hand.

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The Voter will be handed a piece

of paper the voter will present

to the VA Beer Museum.

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All voters, regardless of race, color, creed, national origin, ancestry, sex, marital status, disability, religious or political affiliation, age are welcome. 

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This list is not meant to exclude any category not listed.

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Cast of Characters sporting Name Tags:

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David Downes of Virginia Beer Museum created this photo Click or touch picture to enlarge.

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James Wood,

Founder of Winchester, Campaign Mgr for Col George Washington

by Steve Resan, VP of  French and Indian War Foundation

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Colonel George Washington,

head of 1st VA Regiment in Forbes Expedition at Fort Cumberland

by Mayor of Middletown Charles Harbaugh IV 

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Thomas Bryan Martin,

Winning Candidate, along with Colonel George Washington

Martin’s uncle is Lord Fairfax,

20 years later Martinsburg is named after Martin

Timothy Youmans, Winchester City Planning Director

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Hugh West,

incumbent candidate loses, tobacco warehouse

by Evan Clark, Winchester City Council

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Lt  Thomas Swearingen,

incumbent candidate loses, brother is the next High Sheriff

by Winchester City Sheriff, Les Taylor

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Lord Fairfax,

Proprietor of Northern neck, first in line to vote

by  Larry W Johnson, known for playing the Liberty Man

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John Hardin, High Sheriff of Frederick County,

by Frederick Co Sheriff ,  Lenny Millholland

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Lt Charles Smith,

GW’s campaign treasurer who buys all the alcohol

by Eric Bartock, Virginia Regiment reenactor

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Gabriel Jones,

“the Valley Lawyer”,  high profile campaigner for GW

by Georgia Andrew Rossiter, lawyer

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Lt Colonel George Mercer 

2nd VA Regiment under Colonel Byrd, in Forbes Expedition, at Fort Cumberland

by Tony Elar Jr, Board of Directors, French and Indian War Foundation,

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William Cocke

Owner of Cocke’s Tavern

where GW paid a years’ rent from 1755 to 1756

across from today’s Thai Winchester Restaurant 

by Phil Hunter. has represented Cocke’s Tavern owner for years

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Captain GW Kurtz,

owns property known as George Washington Office Museum, sold to city in 1908

by the Car Doctor of Amherst Street Winchester VA.

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Virginia Beer Museum

David Downes,

founder of Virginia Beer Museum

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Devon Downes

Corporal, United States Marine Corp, Active Duty

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Jim Moyer

Event Organizer,

French and Indian War Foundation

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See More on Who is Who:

Behind the long table

will be:

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Click or Touch to Enlarge Picture.

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The High Sheriff, John Hardin, to be played by Frederick Co Sheriff ,  Lenny Millholland

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And our Eric Bartock of the Virginia Regiment will be holding the Red Ensign of the British Empire.

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The 4 Candidates

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Mayor of Middletown Charles Harbaugh IV will be portraying Colonel George Washington who was at Fort Cumberland helping build Road and provide supplies for the Forbes Expedition during this election.

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Colonel George Washington……………….310

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Colonel Thomas Bryan Martin ………………………240

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Hugh West…………………199

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Thomas Swearingen………45

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Total vote   ………………..794

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The two incumbents, Hugh West and Thomas Swearingen lost.

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About James Wood standing in for George Washington:

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Steve Resan as James Wood, Clerk of Court, Founder of Winchester VA, standing in for Colonel George Washington who was at Fort Cumberland building Road and providing Supplies for the Forbes Expedition. Click or Touch to Enlarge Picture.

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James Wood stood in for GW because GW was in Fort Cumberland.

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James Wood will by represented by Steve Resan, VP on the Board of Directors of the French and Indian War Foundation.

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He will be sitting at the table with the other 3 candidates.

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Colonel George Washington will be represented by Mayor of Middletown Charles Harbaugh IV. 

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He will be sitting in the area nearby designated as Fort Cumberland, MD, which is where GW was building Road and providing supplies for the Forbes Expedition.

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The 3 representing the candidates below will be announced soon.

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Lt Thomas Swearingen,

is an incumbent candidate who loses …. 45 votes .

is  the brother of Van Swearingen

who becomes the next High Sheriff

of Frederick County.

Thomas Swearingen

was one of the two lieutenants

in Capt. Robert Rutherford’s

company of rangers.

Les Taylor, Sheriff of the City of Winchester takes on this role !!

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Colonel Thomas Bryan Martin ,

wins seat on House of Burgesses

along with Colonel George Washington

win with ……….240 votes  … …

Timothy Youmans,

Winchester City Planning Director

will be representing this candidate.

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Side note:

Thomas Bryan Martin’s uncle is Lord Fairfax.

Also 20 years later,

Adam Stephen, after being court martialed

out of the Continental Army

after the Battle of Germantown,

created Martinsburg,

naming it for Thomas Bryan Martin,

a passive Tory.

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Hugh West,

incumbent candidate who loses………199 votes …

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The site of Hugh West’s tobacco warehouse,

on the western banks of the Potomac

near the mouth of (Great) Hunting Creek,

was deemed a suitable location

because its deep water access

allowed ships from London to sail directly to the wharf.

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This Great Hunting Creek led to a town.

In May 1749, Governor William Gooch

signed an Act to establish

the town of Alexandria,

also known as Belhaven.

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to be represented Evan Clark, Winchester City Council

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Near this table will be George Washington’s Campaigners:

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Lt Charles Smith

He is  treasurer who paid for all the alcohol.

He supervised building of Fort Loudoun.

The year before,

Lt Charles Smith killed a man with one punch.

He was exonerated. See story.

He was personal accountant

to George Washington’s

private financial matters as well.

He was with George Washington at Fort Necessity.

 See all letters between Charles Smith and George Washington.

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Eric Bartock, Virginia Regiment reenactor,  will fill this role.

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Gabriel Jones. Click or Touch to Enlarge Picture.

Gabriel Jones,

the Valley Lawyer,

profane with a patch over one eye,

who was so enthusiastic for

Colonel George Washington,

he left his own election

to help George Washington’s campaign  —

to be played by Georgia Andrew Rossiter ?

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Gabriel Jones wrote,

I shall give up mine, in order to be at your’s, where if possible I hope you’l be.

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Source:

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-05-02-0205#GEWN-02-05-02-0205-fn-0008-ptr

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Near the VA Beer Museum

will be the servers

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and

Lord Fairfax , age 65, will be there.

We have won over the Liberty Man !!!

Larry W Johnson, who is well known as the Liberty Man, will momentarily step out of character to represent Lord Fairfax.  See more about Larry W Johnson on this link !!!

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Lord Fairfax is Uncle to one of the candidates who won with George – Thomas Bryan Martin.  Uncle Lord Fairfax is first in line to vote for his nephew and is first of 13 voters who all voted for George to set a trend line.

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and

William Cocke’s Tavern innkeeper

where our George Washington paid a years’ rent from 1755 to 1756 across from today’s Thai Winchester Restaurant to be played by Phil Hunter.

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WHO IS THE TOP DOG?

AND

WHO IS HE VOTING FOR?

Lord Fairfax, is the Top Dog.

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He is owner of all the land, almost as large as New Jersey. He is owner of the Northern Neck Proprietary, and is the County Lieutenant of Frederick Co.

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Lord Fairfax is first in line to vote for his nephew, Thomas Bryan Martin.

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Lord Fairfax was with the first 13 voters who voted for George Washington.

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Important to establish a winning trend for all to hear.

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In the next election of 1761 GW asks the new sheriff to help get his voters first in line.

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Since each voter said his vote out loud so too will we announce out loud YOUR VOTE for all to hear.

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Further away from the table of candidates

will be those

too busy to attend the election

who were at Fort Cumberland

chopping trees, building road for the Forbes Expedition:

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Tony Elar Jr who will be portraying Lt Colonel George Mercer, is on the right background. Click or Touch to Enlarge Picture.

 

The Virginia Regiment soldiers will be there.

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Colonel George Washington to be played by Mayor of Middletown, Charles Harbaugh IV

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Lt Colonel George Mercer to be played by Tony Elar Jr.

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As an aside, that George Mercer and George Washington?

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They’re in a Friendly Fire horror in November 1758 after this July 1758 election.  The 2 then run together and win in a 1761 election for the House of Burgesses.

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And one other character.

GW Kurtz.

GW ? Stands for George Washington.

He was a Confederate Captain, well known by Winchester,  who was too sick to attend the 1915 dedication of the Braddock Cannon on his corner property of Cork and Braddock.  You know this place as the George Washington Office Museum.  The city bought his property in 1908.

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The Car Doctor on Amherst Street will represent Captain Kurtz.

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Raising James Wood on a Chair in Victory

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Click or Touch to Enlarge Picture.

We will re-enact this picture for a photo shoot with the press.

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In a biography by Washington Irving, famous for the Sleepy Hollow story, there is an illustration printed in Graham’s Magazine  of James Wood (representing George Washington who was in the Forbes Expedition)  being carried on the chair in celebration of GW’s victory.

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Please feel free to ask questions of any presenter of this story.

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This is quite an Untold Story.

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WHY DO THIS?

  1. We would be a generation of Orphans if we didn’t know our history good or bad of where we came from.

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  3. But the real reason?

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  5. Everyone loves a good story?

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  7. But is this a great story?

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  9. Kinda.

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  11. But it has Beer.

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  13. And it has an untold story about George Washington.

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Read bits and pieces at your leisure.

There’s a lot here.

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THE STORY


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Where was GW during this 1758 election?

In the midst of ramping up for the Forbes Expedition,  Colonel George Washington is at Fort Cumberland.  This 1758 election will be his 2nd election, but will be his first win.

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GW’s elections to represent Frederick County VA

Washington lost

the 10 December 1755 election,

then won the 24 July 1758 election 

and won  the  18 May 1761 elections

to represent Frederick County VA.

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ERRORS ON THE INTERNET

Note: We use Wikipedia only because the links last longer than other sites. Eventually the errors get corrected. So that being said, this Wikipedia link is wrong about 1757 as GW’s first election, because it references New River Notes (a pretty good site) which references R T Barton an old book which was wrong too.  George Washington’s first election was a loss and it was 10 December 1755.

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THE PLAQUE ON THE 1840 COURTHOUSE

George Washington's Political Career Began on this Site Marker

Click on this photo enlarge. Photo by Jim Moyer.

This Inscription, located on the front of the 1840 Courthouse, states:

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George Washington’s Political Career Began on This Site

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“On July 24, 1758, [a Monday] at the first Frederick County Court House on this site, Colonel George Washington, age 26, was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. This was the first elective office of the young commander of Virginia’s forces here to guard her western frontier.”

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That inscription was placed here, because the original log courthouse where voters voted for GW existed right here, maybe to the back of center of this location of the 1840 Courthouse.

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Plaque to the Left of the Entrance

Photo by Jim Moyer. Close behind the first column, you can see the plaque about George Washington winning his 2nd election here on this site. He lost on first attempt. click on photo to enlarge.

The Plaque continues:

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Colonial election procedure

was quite different

from today’s secret ballot

at a convenient polling place.

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On election day, Sheriff, Justices, Candidates and voters gather at the County Court House here.

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As each eligible voter’s name was called,

he stepped forward

and vocally proclaimed his choice.

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Clerks recorded the vote and the candidate bowed in appreciation of the voter’s support.

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At the July 1758 election young Col. Washington could not be present because he was commanding Virginia’s troops then poised for attack upon Fort Duquesne. His campaign Manager, Col. James Wood, stood in his place.

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The County Courthouse

In May 1761, Col. Washington was elected to a second term as Burgess from Frederick County. In 1789 he was elected President of the United States.

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Thus, George Washington’s political, as well as his military career began here on Virginia’s western frontier during the ten years in which his activities centered about old Frederick County in the Colony of Virginia.

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Young

That plaque mentions the word twice.

But we’ve seen the WWII movies where someone is called “Pops.”

And he was really only in his 20s.

And our historian, Norman Baker, mentions this.

And he knows.

He was on Iwo Jima.

Anyone who was a year or two in war, or

who had been in real battle once or twice

got the veteran tag, the “look”, the knowledge …

So too was George Washington a veteran.

Having seen how things can really, really go wrong

on a long journey to & back (Journey to Fort LeBeouf)

or in victory (the Battle of Jumonville)

or in defeat  (Fort Necessity July 3, 1754)

or in major horror  ( Braddock’s Defeat July 9, 1755),

you saw “experience” in a man, a tall leader, a veteran.

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THIS ELECTION WAS HELD ON THIS SITE


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From a Map Poster by Wilbur S Johnston.

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The Square Building in the Center is the old Courthouse, just a little off center from the exact location of the 1840 Courthouse standing today as a Civil War Museum.

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Court Square

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Followup needed:

Put note that this drawing was drawn by someone else in the 1930s.  Wilbur Johnston used it in one of his posters on Winchester history.

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THE CANDIDATES


 

Colonel George Washington……………….310

Colonel Thomas Bryan Martin …………….240

Hugh West……………………………………..199

Thomas Swearingen…………………………..45

Total vote   …………………………………….794

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The two incumbents, Hugh West and Thomas Swearingen lost.

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TWO SEATS FOR EACH COUNTY

The top two vote leaders win the 2 seats to the House of Burgesses.

Each county would get two seats.

This was still under England and Colonial Virginia law.

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ONE MAN ONE VOTE

Much later the principle of One Man One Vote in the US Supreme Court case  Reynolds v. Sims (1964) ruled that counties no longer provided equal representation since their population sizes were different.

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Click or Touch Map to Enlarge

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Old Frederick County 

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Some of those 794 voters rode a horse for some distance.

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Hampshire Co was the first split, before this  1758 election.  Old Hampshire County originally included counties, Hardy, Grant, Mineral, and part of Morgan.

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Sam Lehman designed this map, for the book, The Story of Frederick County, published 1988,  the 250th Anniversary of Frederick Co, VA.

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VOTING OUT LOUD


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There was NO secret ballot.

You the voter said OUT LOUD

your preference

in front of the candidates,

and for all the other voters to hear!

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This Link prints the quote below.

Gentlemen Freeholders: Political Practices in Washington’s Virginia, Charles S. Sydnor wrote:

As each freeholder came before the sheriff, his name was called out in a loud voice, and the sheriff inquired how he would vote. The freeholder replied by giving the name of his preference. The appropriate clerk then wrote down the voter’s name, the sheriff announced it as enrolled, and often the candidate for whom he had voted arose, bowed, and publicly thanked him.

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See also this link, restating the above on Page 511 in Cartmell’s book :

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Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants A History of Frederick County, Virginia ( ILLUSTRATED ) From its Formation in 1738 to 1908 Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick T. K. Cartmell Clerk of the Old County Court MAR 24 1914 COPYRIGHT 1909 By T. K. CARTMELL printed BY THE Eddy Press Corporation Winchester, VA.

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So voting out loud could have been a proud event for these brave men. For lesser souls, maybe there was some peer pressure or other perceived threats if they voted for the wrong person, or a benefit of a favor if they voted the right way.

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And as mentioned earlier, George Washington liked to get his voters first in line, even to the point of asking the Sheriff who officiates at this election to help his voters be first in line.

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GW’S EARLY ELECTION HISTORY


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Washington lost the

10 December 1755 election,

then won the elections of

24 July 1758 election and 18 May 1761

to represent Frederick County VA.

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See all of Washington’s House of Burgess Election totals

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In 1765, a House of Burgesses position became open in Fairfax County, enabling GW to represent his hometown area instead of Frederick County.

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3 Big CAMPAIGN HELPERS


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GABRIEL JONES

gabriel jonesGabriel Jones, “the Valley Lawyer,” was another influential supporter of George Washington.

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Gabriel Jones was so enthusiastic for Colonel George, he left his own election to help George Washington’s campaign:

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 I shall give up mine, in order to be at your’s, where if possible I hope you’l be.

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Source:

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-05-02-0205#GEWN-02-05-02-0205-fn-0008-ptr

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Click on his letter gauging the shifting loyalties and the delay of the election day.

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“…in short affairs are totally changed

& may be many times

so yet before the day,

your being elected

absolutely depends

on your presence that day.

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[ Ed Note: But GW decides he must stay at Fort Cumberland to work on the Forbes Expedition matters. ]

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this is the Opinion of every thinking friend,

& therefore must

In the most pressing manner desire it.

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[ From Founders Online Footnote: 8. John Kirkpatrick on 6 July, James Wood on 7 July, and James Glen on 19 July also urged GW to go to Winchester. On 19 July Bouquet gave him permission to go, but GW decided to remain at Fort Cumberland. For GW’s decision not to attend the polling in Winchester, see GW to Bouquet, 21 July, n.1. But see also Adam Stephen to GW, 19 July 1758.  ]

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it happened very unluckily

that the writs was so long delayed

as it was the Case in Augusta,

so that both Election’s will interfere.

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however as I have undertaken

to serve you

no Consideration shall deter me from it.

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I shall give up mine, in order to be at your’s, where if possible I hope you’l be.”

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This picture of the colorful and profane Gabriel Jones did hang high in the Winchester Frederick County Courthouse before some recent painting of this year 2018, and the sheriff deputies do not know if the painting will return to this spot.

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Handley Library Archives has no information on the painting itself.

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Charles Smith who was he?

1. He was with George Washington at the Battle of Fort Necessity.

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2. Supervised work at Fort Loudoun.

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3. handled disbursements to the “miner”  of the well which lasts to this day.

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4. 1758 election campaign manager for GW, buying alcohol for the voters.

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5. The Punch that Killed. Charles Smith punched a man in a tavern in some dispute and the man died a half an hour later. Charles Smith turned himself in and was exonerated.

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6.  The Nook still stands at 106 E Main Street, Berryville VA.

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Earlier in the 18th century the area was the site of an 800-acre estate of the same name owned by Charles Smith, The Battletown estate’s main residence, known today as the Nook, was built between 1755 and 1765 and still survives at 106 E. Main Street.

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When Charles Smith died, he left the parcel to his wife, and eventually it was divided among their four children, Charles, John, Elizabeth Morton, and Sarah Easten.  John sold a portion of his land to Benjamin Berry, the town of Berryville’s founder.

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Charles Smith correspondence with George Washington

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JAMES WOOD

We save the most important campaigner for last.

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See below for the famous picture of James Wood representing George Washington.

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Even Washington Irving, the author of Sleepy Hollow, knew about James Wood

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FAMOUS PICTURE OF JAMES WOOD


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james wood for washingon 24 July 1758

James Wood representing Colonel George Washington is held high in the chair celebrating Washington’s win . . . . Click on picture to enlarge.

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Colonel George Washington was at Fort Cumberland Maryland when this election occurred.

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James Wood stood in for him.

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 Candidates would sit at the same table when the voters would come up to vote.

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Then the candidate, if chosen out loud by that voter, would stand to bow or  shake that voter’s hand.

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At the July, 1758, election young Col. Washington, after receiving Col Bouquet’s blessing to leave his post for this election, chose not to leave his command of  Virginia’s troops in the Forbes Expedition.

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His campaign manager, Col. James Wood, stood in his place at the voting table.

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And James Wood, founder of Winchester VA, was illustrated here triumphantly carried on the shoulders of jubilant voters.

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ORGIN OF PICTURE

In a biography by Washington Irving, famous for the Sleepy Hollow story, there is an illustration printed  Graham’s Magazine  of James Wood (representing George Washington who was in the Forbes Expedition)  being carried on the chair in celebration of GW’s victory.

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According to the Handley Library Archives

which cites Katherine R Glass Greene

in her book,

 Winchester, Virginia and Its Beginnings, 1743-181,

that you can find the picture on

page 95, published 1926

in Graham’s Magazine in 1853 .

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But !   The picture is not there!

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The illustration is instead to be found in April 1854 Graham’s Magazine.

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Clicking on this link will take you straight to  Page 360 of Graham’s Magazine April 1854.

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ALCOHOL


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Footnote from Founders Online shows the expenses listed by Charles Smith, his campaign treasurer, keeping an accounting of the alcohol purchases:

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“…where it is printed, Smith paid out a total of £39.6 to five vendors for 46¾ gallons of beer, 40 gallons, 1 hogshead, 1 barrel, and 10 bowls of rum punch, nearly 35 gallons of wine, 2 gallons of cider, and 3½ pints of brandy, as well as dinner for his “friends.”

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Law passed after this election reducing the abuse of alcohol provided at elections.

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In that same 1762 law, Volume IV, Chapter I, Page 526, “That no person hereafter to be elected a member of the general assembly …  give, present or allow, to any person or perons, having voice or vote in such elections, any money, meat, drink, entertainment or provision, or make any present, gift, reward or entertainment, or any promise, agreement, obligation or engagement, to or for any person or persons …”

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GETTING VOTERS FIRST IN LINE


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See 1761 letter to Sheriff, asking for help in orchestrating his voters to front of line and not do it so obviously as to bring complaints.

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Also see list of voters in 1758 election showing that GW has the first 13 voters at front of line, just like he accomplished in the 1761 election when asking the Sheriff to help him.

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If voters hear who is voting for who ahead of them in line, they might spot a trend for the winner and join the bandwagon for their own good.

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WHO IS THE TOP DOG?

AND

WHO IS HE VOTING FOR?

Lord Fairfax, is the Top Dog.

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He is owner of all the land, almost as large as New Jersey. He is owner of the Northern Neck Proprietary, and is the County Lieutenant of Frederick Co.

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Lord Fairfax is first in line to vote for his nephew, Thomas Bryan Martin.

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Lord Fairfax was with the first 13 voters who voted for George Washington.

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Important to establish a winning trend for all to hear.

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In the next election of 1761 GW asks the new sheriff to help get his voters first in line.

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THE PLAQUE, VOTE TOTALS, LINKS


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Plaque to the Left of the Entrance

Where the plaque sits on the 1840 Courthouse wall.

 

The County Courthouse

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Washington begins his political career on this very site

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Poll sheet listing all the voters in this 24 July 1758 election

 

List of documents related to the July 24, 1758 election

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Qualifications to Vote


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Below is the 1761 law. We will be posting the law before this 1758 election.

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But in the meantime, look at this 1761 law,  clarifying who can vote and who cannot.

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Accusations in the 1761 election appeared to be about letting White non-land owners vote.

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And those landowners must be White Males over 21 with property.

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November 1762, Volume IV, page 518 Henings Statutes.

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RESTRICTING ALCOHOL, GIFTS


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These are 1761 laws. Will be posting the law before this 1758 election.

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We do know the previous 1758 election here and most likely elsewhere caused the House of Burgesses to pass a law restricting the use of alcohol and favors.

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In that same 1762 law, Volume IV, Chapter I, Page 526, XIX, “That no person hereafter to be elected a member of the general assembly …  give, present or allow, to any person or perons, having voice or vote in such elections, any money, meat, drink, entertainment or provision, or make any present, gift, reward or entertainment, or any promise, agreement, obligation or engagement, to or for any person or persons …”

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ABOUT SOME OF THE VOTERS

from Founders Online Footnote:

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1

Heading the list of the first thirteen voters,

all of whom voted for GW,

were the proprietor

of the Northern Neck (Lord Fairfax),

the rector of Frederick Parish

(William Meldrum),

and the founder and leading citizen

of Winchester (James Wood)

who was sitting in for GW

at the table where the freeholders

came to announce their choices

for the two men to represent

the county in Williamsburg.

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The next five men to vote were merchants,

from Alexandria (John Carlyle),

from Falmouth on the Rappahannock

(Adam Hunter and Alexander Wodrow),

and from Fredericksburg

(Fielding Lewis and Charles Dick),

all of whom were in Winchester

to lend their support

in the election to GW and,

except for Wodrow, to Martin as well.

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Four of the next five freeholders to vote,

all from Frederick County,

included a former Burgess (Isaac Perkins),

two men from large

and prominent frontier families

(Robert Ashby and Alexander Vance)

whom GW had known

at least since his days as a surveyor

in the county in 1750–51,

and a former lieutenant

of a ranging company under GW (Thomas Lemen).

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The other man among

the first thirteen voters

was GW’s regimental surgeon (James Craik),

who had come down from Fort Cumberland

to give his support.

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Of the other prominent men

who came to Frederick County

to promote GW’s candidacy,

two (George William Fairfax and Gabriel Jones)

voted later in the day.

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The sessions dates of 1758-1761

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Excerpt from link:

https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uva.x001603341;page=root;view=plaintext;size=100;seq=19;num=xi

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“OF the General Assembly of Virginia of 1758-1761 there were seven sessions.

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The first session continued from September 14, 1758, to the 12th of October of
the same year;

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the second session, from the 9th to the 11th of November, 1758;

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the third, from the 22nd of February, 1759, to the 14th of April;

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the fourth,  from the first to the 21st of November, 1759;

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the fifth, from the 4th to the 11th of March, 1760;

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the sixth, from the 19th to the 24th of May, 1760;

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the seventh, from the 6th of  October, 1760, to the 10th of April, 1761.”

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Excerpt from link:

https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uva.x001603341;page=root;view=plaintext;size=100;seq=19;num=xi

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Journal, 1758, September Session
Journal, 1758, November Session
Journal, 1759, February Session
Journal, 1759, November Session
Journal, 1760, March Session .
Journal, 1760, May Session
Journal, 1760-1761, October-March Sessions

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[Our note: 18 May 1761 was the election of the next term of House of Burgesses]

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Source for the session dates listed above:

https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uva.x001603341;page=root;view=plaintext;size=100;seq=13;num=vi

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1758-1761:

https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001746885

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List of all of the years:

http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/browse?type=title&index=802989&key=journals%20of%20the%20house%20of%20burgesses%20of%20virginia%201619%201776&c=x

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Some Links:

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The senior James Wood’s papers at Handley Library Archives

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See all of Washington’s House of Burgess Election totals

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Graham Magazine Hathitrust source.

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Graham Magazine Gutenberg Press source.

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Online books source.

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Handley Archives illustration from Graham Magazine.

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New River Note website

http://www.newrivernotes.com/topical_books_1892_virginia_washingtontohouseofburgess.htm

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Ctrl F to find Hugh West

Promissory note, 10 November 1753, from Reuben Rutherford to Hugh West.

http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=lva/vi01107.xml

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Ctrl F to find Hugh West

https://www.alexandriahistorical.org/resources/Documents/The_Chronicle/2009_Su_Chronicle.pdf

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Ctrl to find Hugh West and his tobacco:

https://www.geni.com/people/Lawrence-Washington/6000000003053800379

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Link above provides this info on Hugh West:

The site of Hugh West’s tobacco warehouse, on the western banks of the Potomac near the mouth of (Great) Hunting Creek, was deemed a suitable location because its deep water access allowed ships from London to sail directly to the wharf. However, the local tobacco planters were desirous of siting a new town away from the river (and its “played out” tobacco fields) and further upstream on Hunting Creek. During the legislative session of 1748-49, Lawrence was responsible for promoting the river site and securing the votes necessary to approve a new town on the Potomac, where it would best serve the interests of the Ohio Company. In May 1749, Governor William Gooch signed an Act to establish the town of Alexandria, and Lawrence was granted permission to “be absent from the Service of the House, for the Recovery of his Health.” Prior to the first public auction of town lots, in July 1749, Lawrence sailed to London to conduct business on behalf of the Ohio Company, and to consult English physicians regarding his health. His younger brother George, an aspiring land surveyor, attended the “Public Vendue” (auction) and copied the town map, “A Plan of Alexandria, Now Belhaven”, and listed the selling prices of individual lots for his brother. Although established as “Alexandria”, the town was immediately called “Belhaven” – in honor of Scottish patriot John Hamiliton, 2nd Lord Belhaven. In 1751, the town council held the “Belhaven Lottery” to raise money for a city hall, and George Washington’s correspondence throughout the French and Indian War of the late 1750s referred to “Belhaven”.

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Founders Online Footnotes and Links

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1. GW’s letter has not been found. In the burgess election held at Winchester on 18 May 601 freeholders voted. GW received the support of 505, George Mercer 400, and Adam Stephen 294. GW’s copy of the poll sheet is in DLC:GW.

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For references to the pattern of voting, see GW to Van Swearingen, 15 May 1761.

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See also the poll sheet for the burgess election in Frederick County, 24 July 1758, printed as an enclosure to Charles Smith, 26 July 1758.

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For GW’s election expenses, see his Cash Accounts, 1761.

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For GW’s illness contracted while electioneering, see GW to Andrew Burnaby, 27 July 1761, n.7.

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2. Adam Stephen, who was in command of the Virginia Regiment at Winchester, remained behind for the election when Stewart marched toward Staunton with a part of the regiment on about 3 May. See the source note in Stewart to GW, c.6 May 1761. Presumably the adjutant of the regiment, William Hughes, was a political supporter of Stephen and Stephen had ordered him to return to Winchester so that he could give his suffrage for Stephen. Hughes became adjutant of the Virginia Regiment on 22 June 1757 and was a lieutenant in the regiment when it was disbanded at the end of 1762. Stephen’s summons seems to have come too late, for Hughes’s name does not appear on the poll sheet.

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Source of above

http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-07-02-0024

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 Some extra notes

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He will be represented by Devon Downes, United States Marine Corp, Corporal (Active Duty)

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McCarty Family

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Hilarious view of colonial lawyers

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