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Feb
10

White’s Fort and the Clowser House

By
When:
September 30, 2017 @ 1:00 pm – 2:00 pm
2017-09-30T13:00:00-04:00
2017-09-30T14:00:00-04:00
Where:
CLOWSER HOUSE
152 Tomahawk Trail
Winchester, VA 22602
USA

WHITE’S FORT AND Clowser House

Compiled by Jim Moyer 2/12/2016, 3/25/16, 4/28/16, 4/27/2017, 4/30/2017, 5/26/2017, 9/23/2017

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Latest update on Clowser House:

PHW Walk and Learn tour. The event will be held at the Clowser House, 152 Tomahawk Trail in Shawneeland on Saturday, September 30, 2017  at 1 PM. This free event will help introduce you to the Clowser Foundation and their efforts to save the ancestral home of one of Winchester’s pioneer families. Be sure to dress for the weather and wear comfortable walking shoes.

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See Link to PHW Preservation Historic Winchester:

Friday Photos: Newtown Tavern

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5/25/2017 email from Ruth Perrine:

I just wanted to let you know that the President of The Clowser Foundation, Larry Webb, will be signing the 99-year lease for the Clowser House on June 1st which is the anniversary of the massacre in which members of the Clowser family and other settlers were killed or taken prisoner by Delaware Indians in 1764. 

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On Saturday, June 3rd at 10:30 a.m.

we will have a memorial service at the Clowser cemetery (152 Tomahawk Trail, Winchester, VA 22602) followed by a lease signing celebration.  Please share this event with others.”

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Once upon a time horror came here.
18 Indians.
Like a knife through butter.

End of French and Indian War.
The French were done. They signed a treaty.
But these Indians weren’t done.
​.
This story stretches from
Frederick Co VA to
Coshocton Ohio.

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Colonel Bouquet’s Receiving of Prisoners from the Indians at Coshocton Ohio, October 1764. Benjamin F. Blackson, 1964. 7′x28′ weighing nearly 600 lbs. Central Elementary School. Written by Anne Cornell on August 28, 2013. Posted in Historic Mural Project, The Community Pomerene Center for the Arts in Coshocton. http://www.pomerenearts.org/community/historic-mural-project.html ..CLICK ON PICTURE TO ENLARGE

Colonel Bouquet marched in October 1764 to Coshocton Ohio from Fort Pitt after the Battle of Bushy Run .

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Once Colonel Bouquet arrived with his huge force at Coshocton, the Indians promised to return white hostages in exchange for saving their villages from being burned down.

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Among the white abductees returned later in January 1765 were members of the Clowser family (spelled Clausser on pages 190, 199 ).

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Coshocton Ohio – They have murals to depict this event.
Shawneeland VA – We have a story and a house.
​.
Wednesday 26 April 2017
that house was saved.   From demolition.
​.

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COUNCIL HOUSE –Shawneeland Sanitary District Advisory Board Members Clare Mullett, left, and Tammy Furr, right, talk with Marion Clowser in front of the Council House in Shawneeland. Clowser had lived in the house as a child. 11/18/2013 PHOTO by SCOTT MASON.. CLICK ON PHOTO TO ENLARGE

Quote from the Winchester Star 4/27/2017:

Ruth Perrine, co-chairperson of the Citizens’ Committee to Preserve the Clowser House, thanked the [the Frederick Co VA Board of] supervisors — particularly Red Bud Supervisor Blaine Dunn — for their decision, and residents who fought to help save the house. [from demolition].

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See Winchester Star article 4/27/2017:.

2017, 0427 Clowser House Saved from Demolition

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Corrections? Suggestions? See contact.

There is a lot here.

Read in bits and pieces at your leisure.

Click on the icons on the map.

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THE MAP

The Clowser House is involved. That’s the Blue book icon.

The two Yellow book icons show two locations for White’s Fort.

The Orange Star shows possible spot of burned down Lloyd House.

The line shows the path of the Indians.

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This worldwide map also shows other events

before, during and after the French and Indian War

to show its impact.

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Or . . .

Read the story below, then follow on the map above.

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THE KERCHIVAL STORY VERSION

Read this story by Kerchival born in 1767, 3 to 4 years after the Indian Attacks.  Kerchival is the earliest author of these Indian stories, first published in 1833:

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Or . . .

For easier reading,

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KERCHIVAL STORY VERSION

There are two versions of this story.

Kerchival’s and Cartmell’s.

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Pages 129 to 135 of Kerchival’s book published originally in 1833, some 70 years after the event:

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In the year 1764, a party of 18 Delawares crossed
the mountains. Furman’s fort was about one mile
above the Hanging Rock, on the South Branch. Wil-
liam Furman and Nimrod Ashby had gone out from the
fort to watch a deer lick in the Jersey mountain.

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The Indians discovered and killed them both, and passed on
into the county of Frederick, where they divided into
two parties.

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See Red colored Skull and Cross Bones on the map – – – for the conjectured vicinity of where William Furman and Nimrod Ashby were killed.

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One party of eight moved on to the Cedar
creek settlement; the other of ten attacked the people
In the neighborhood of the present residence of Maj.

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John White. On this place Dr. White, the ancestor of
the White family, had settled, and on his land a stock-
ade was erected. The people in the neighborhood had
taken the alarm, and were on their way to the fort, when
they were assaulted by these ten Indians.

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They killed David Jones and his wife, two old people.

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Some of Mrs. Thomas’s family were killed, and she and one
daughter taken off.

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An old man by the name of Lloyd, and his wife, and several of his children, were killed.
Esther Lloyd, their daughter, about 13 years old, re-
ceived three tomahawk wounds in the head, was scalp-
ed, and left lying, supposed to be dead.

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Henry Clouser and two of his sons were killed, and his wife and
four of his daughters taken. The youngest daughter
was about two years old; and as she impeded the mo-
ther’s traveling, when they reached the North moun-
tain the poor little innocent babe was taken by its heels,
its head dashed against a tree, and the brains beaten out,
and left lying on the ground.

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See Blue Open Book Icon showing  Clowser House on map.

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Mrs. Thomas was taken to the Wappatomaka  [South Branch of the Potomac River] ; but the river being pretty full, and deep fording, they encamped near Furman   fort [See Blue Flag on map]  for the night. The next morning a party of white men fired off their guns at the fort, which alarmed the   Indians, and they hurried across the river, assisting all   their female prisoners

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except Mrs. Thomas, who being
quite stout and strong, was left to shift for herself. The
current, however, proved too strong for her, and she
floated down the river  but lodged against a rock, upon
which she crawled, and saved herself from drowning.
Before her capture she had concealed half a loaf of
bread in her bosom, which, during her struggles in the
water, washed out, and, on her reaching the rock, float-
ed to her again. In this instance, the text of scripture,
” Cast thy bread upon the waters, for thou shaft find it
after many days,” might have some application. It
was not “many days,” but there appears to have been
something providential in it, for it saved her from ex-
treme suffering. The next morning Mrs. Thomas

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made her way to Williams’s fort [See Blue Circle on map] , two miles below
the Hanging Rock, on the South Branch.

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The author  [Kerchival] has received from Maj. John White, of
Frederick, another account of the foregoing outrages,
of which he will give in Maj. W.’s own words :

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” In July, 1763, information was received by the late   Maj. Robert White, (who had a small fort around his   house as an asylum for the people in the neighborhood [See Yellow Open Book icon on map] ,)   that Indians had been seen on that or the preceding day on Capon.

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He immediately went to the several families
living near the base of the North mountain, as for as to
Owen Thomas’s, live or six miles from the fort, told
them of the report, and advised them to go into the fort
until the danger should be over.

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It being harvest time,
Owen Thomas was unwilling to leave home, and mount-
ed a horse to go to his neighbor Jacob Kackley’s, who
had several sons grown, to propose to arm themselves
and work together in their respective grain fields ; but
on his way to Mr. Kackley’s he was shot dead and scalp-
ed, the Indians having concealed themselves behind
two logs that lay one across the other near the road.

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In June, 1764, similar information of Indians being
seen was received at the fort. Maj. White, as on the
former occasion, went in the afternoon to warn the peo-
ple of their danger; when the widow Thomas, Mr.
Jones and Mr. Clouser, set off with their families for the
fort ; but night coming on when they had reached Mr.
Lloyd’s, (about two miles from the fort [White’s Fort – see Yellow Open Book icon on map] ), they concluded  to stay there all night.

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In the morning, as soon as day
appeared, they resumed their journey ; but before they
were out of sight of the house, the Indians attacked
them, and killed, wounded, or took prisoners twenty-
two or twenty-three persons. Evan Thomas, a son of
the man killed the preceding summer, a boy of seven
years old, ran back into the house, and hid himself be-
hind some pimcheons that he placed across a corner of
the room, and remained concealed, notwithstanding the

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* Mr. Gerrit Blue stated to the author that he was then a small boy, but
well recollects seeing Mrs. Thomas when she got into the fort.

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Indians brought the prisoners into the house, among
whom were his mother and sister, both tied, and kept
them there till they fried bacon and ate their breakfast ;
they then set fire to the house in two places, and went
away.

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Evan said he continued in the house as long
as he could on account of the fire ; that he saw through
a chink in the wall the direction the Indians went ;
and not knowing which way to go, he concluded to take
the contrary course from the one taken by them. He
rambled about all that day and the most of the next be-
fore he found any person, the houses which he passed
having been abandoned by their owners going to the
fort.

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The Indians encamped the first night at a spring
on the Romney road, between the North river and Lit-
tle Capon ; and on the next day they stopped on the
bank of the South Branch, near where Romney now
stands, to eat their dinner.

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While thus engaged, a par-
ty who were stationed in a fort a mile or two lower down
the river, and who had just returned from a scout, dis-
charged their guns in order to clean them, which alarm-
ed the Indians, and they hurried across the river, assisting
all their female prisoners excepting Mrs. Thomas, who
being a large fat woman, it was supposed would perish,
as the water was rapid and deep.

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She floated down the
stream, however, until almost exhausted, when she had
the good fortune to get on a rock, and save herself from
drowning. She had put a piece of bread in her bosom
the morning she was taken, and lost it in the Water ; but
it happened to float so near her while on the rock that
she caught it and ate it ; which, as she said, so revived
and strengthened her that she plunged into the water
again, and providentially got out on the east side of the
river. She reached Williams’s fort, two miles below the
Hanging Rock, on the same day.

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It was often remark-
ed by Mrs. Thomas’s acquaintances, that after her re-
turn she would minutely relate the circumstances at-
tending the murder of her husband and children, and
her own sufferings, without shedding a tear. Either
five or seven of the persons wounded by the Indians,

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were taken to the fort at Maj. Robert White’s, and at-
tended by Dr. McDonald, though but one recovered,
Hester Lloyd, who had two scalps taken from her.”

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Mrs. Thomas’s daughter, and Mrs. Clouser and her
three small daugliters, were taken to the Indian towns,
and after an absence of about six months, were released
from captivity, and all returned home safe.

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See link on these hostages. Their names were spelled Clausser.  See bouquet hostage list

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There is something remarkable in the history of the
three Miss Clousers, who were all prisoners at the same
time. The eldest was about 10 years old, the next eldest
about 7, and the youngest between 5 and 6. They all
returned home from their captivity, grew up, were mar-
ried, raised families of children, and are now widows,
living in the same neighborhood, not more than five or
six miles apart. Two of them, Mrs. Shultz and Mrs.
Snapp, reside about one and a half miles from the resi-
dence of the author, and the third. Mrs. Fry, not ex-
ceeding six miles.

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One of the most famous survivors was Robert McGee, who was scalped when he was only 13-years-old. He knew exactly what it was like to have the flesh ripped from his skull. Source – http://firsttoknow.com/robert-mcgee-scalped-in-1864/

Source of  photo

http://firsttoknow.com/robert-mcgee-scalped-in-1864/

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Miss Lloyd, who was ” tomahawked and scalped,”
was soon discovered not to be dead. The late Dr. Mc-
Donald was sent for, who trepanned her in the several
fractures in her head. She recovered and lived many
years after. There are several respectable individuals
now living who knew this woman.*

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The other party of eight Indians committed several
murders on Cedar creek. It is probable this party killed
a Mr. Lylc, a Mr, Butler, and some others. Mr. Ellis
Thomas, the husband of the woman whose story has
just been given, was killed the harvest preceding. This
party of eight Indians took off two female prisoners,
were pursued by a party of  white men, overtaken in the
South Branch mountain, and fired upon, when one of
the Indians was killed. The others lied, leaving their
guns, prisoners, and plunder. The prisoners and pro-
perty were brought home. Two of the fugitives over-
took the party in the Allegany mountain who had Mrs.

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Clouser, her daughters, and other prisoners, in custody.
The fugitives appeared in desperate ill humor, and pro-
posed to murder the prisoners ; but the others peremp-
torily objected, and would not suffer their prisoners to
be injured.*

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* General Smith, Maj. R. D. Glass, Miss Susan Glass, Mrs. Shultz, and   Mrs. Snapp, severally- stated to the author that they frequently saw this wo man after she recovered from her wounds. Mrs. Shultz states that it was  the first day of June the outrage was committed.

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EDITIONS OF KERCHEVAL’S BOOK

1833 edition:

https://archive.org/stream/ahistoryvalleyv01jacogoog#page/n96/mode/2up

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1850 edition:

https://archive.org/stream/historyofvalley00kerc#page/86/mode/2up

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Kercheval

About the Author, from Wikipedia:

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Samuel Kercheval (March 1767 in Frederick County, Virginia – 14 November 1845 in Middletown, Virginia) was a Virginia lawyer and author. His A History of the Valley of Virginia (1st edition, 1833) provides important primary information on the earliest white settlements of the Shenandoah Valley and South Branch Potomac River and their encounters with local Indians.

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His Valley of Virginia was so popular that the first edition was soon exhausted. He died before the second edition came out.[1] He lived at the time of his death at “Harmony Hall” between Strasburg and Middletown.[2]

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Kercheval

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See listing of letters to and from Jefferson and Madison with Kerchival:

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http://founders.archives.gov/search/Author%3A%22Kercheval%2C%20Samuel%22

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Letters to and from Thomas Jefferson only:

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http://founders.archives.gov/search/Correspondent%3A%22Jefferson%2C%20Thomas%22%20Correspondent%3A%22Kercheval%2C%20Samuel%22

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Letter to Samuel Kercheval from Thomas Jefferson  June 12, 1816 doesn’t show up in founders list link:

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http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/document/letter-to-samuel-kercheval/

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Sep. 5. 1824 Monto Samuel Kerchival  from Jefferson:

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http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/808

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CARTMELL STORY VERSION

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Now read another version of same story by Cartmell below on far right on page 75. Click link to enlarge view in another tab.

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Notice the publisher:”Printed by the Eddy Press Corp.”

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C. Vernon Eddy was the first librarian of Winchester’s Handley Library, serving from 1913 until 1959.

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See:

http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Eddy_C_Vernon_1877-1963

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http://www2.youseemore.com/handley/contentpages.asp?loc=262

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Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants, published in 1909.

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http://www.handleyregional.org/Handley_old/Archives/Cartmell,%20Thomas%20K.%20164.htm

 

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Cartmell Story Version

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page 75

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The Maj. White Fort was on the West side
of Hogue Creek about seven miles from Win-
chester. This place was known for more than
a century as the White Homestead. Dr. White,
son-in-law of Wm. Hogue, had settled there as
one of the first settlers.

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In 1763 Maj. Robt
White, son of the Doctor, lived there, and for
the safety of the many families who had settled
along the Big North Mountain, he had erected
a small fort and stockade around his residence.

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At the July term of that year, the Major ap-
peared in person before the Justices. He was
then a Justice himself and startled his brethren
by announcing that Indians had appeared in his
neighborhood the day previous, but disappeared
without molesting anyone; and that he also had
been informed that a large band was marauding
the settlements on Great Ca-Capon. The Court
was moved to convene and take steps to protect
the settlements.

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No action was taken, and the
Major returned to take charge of the situation
himself. He warned the families, and went
along the mountain for fully six miles as far as
Owen Thomas’s home, and advised all to come
to his Fort.

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As this raid involved families and
neighborhood so near to Winchester, it is well
to give the narrative as related by Maj. John
White a son of the owner of the Fort property.
Some little confusion as to dates appears. One
statement gives July, 1763, as the time; another
June, 1764. This may have occurred by two
raids, having been made, for we have evidence
that Indians raided that settlement twice.

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Some
of the families took no heed to the warning.
Owen Thomas being one, saying he could not
leave his harvest, and then rode to his neighbor
Jacob Keckley, who had several sons, to propose
that they arm themselves and work together at
their han’est. He was shot dead on this trip.
This was certainly the next day after Major

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76

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CARTMELL’S HISTORY

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White had visited the Justices. In June, 1764,
Maj. White went again to warn the people that
they had better come to the Fort; that he was
reliably informed that a large band was on the
war path.

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Now the narrative becomes intensely
interesting to many people who live in Frederick
County to-day, and especially in that section.
This warning was heeded, but the families mov-
ed slowly. Mrs. Thomas, the widow, Mrs. Jones,
and a man named Clowser started with their
families, but stopped at the house of a man nam-
ed Lloyd, two miles from the fort, and spent the
night, the next morning at an early hour they
resumed their journey, and before they were out
of sight of the house, the Indians attacked them,
and killed, wounded or took away as prisoners
twenty-three persons.

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A young son of Owen
Thomas who had been killed in the previous raid,
ran back into the house and hid himself, and es-
caped detection, although the Indians brought
his mother and sister back into the house bound,
and kept them there while they fried bacon and
ate breakfast. They then set fire to the house
and moved off. The boy managed to escape from
the fire and the Indians, although he rambled
about for two days before he found any person
to whom he could tell his direful story.

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The
families had fled to the Fort, Lloyd and several
of his children, David Jones and wife, two old
people, some of the Thomas family also, Henry
Clowser and two of his sons were killed; Mrs.
Clowser and four of her daughters taken away
captives.

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The youngest child about two years
old, was horribly butchered while crossing the
North Mountain, the band heading for the South’
Branch.

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They halted one night near Furman*s
fort; the men at the fort fired upon them. The
next morning they moved away, and while cross-
ing the river, which was dangerous fording,
Mrs. Thomas escaped, and lived for many years,
to tell her neighbors thrilling stories.

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The
wounded who were left near Major White’s
were gathered up after the departure of the In-
dians and carried to the Fort, where they were
cared for.

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Out of the seven so found, only one
survived. This was Hester Lloyd, who had two
scalps taken from her. A Dr. McDonald at-
tended her; he trepanned her head and she re-
covered, and lived many years. Kercheval says
that Gen. Smith, Maj. R. D. Glass, Mrs. Susan
Glass, Mrs. Shultz, and Mrs. Snapp severally
stated to him that they frequently saw this
woman after she recovered from her wound.

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Mrs. Thomas’s daughter and Mrs. Clowser and
her three small daughters were taken to the In-
dian town, and after an absence of about six
months were released from captivity and all re-
turned home safely. There is something in Ker-
cheval’s narrative about the three Miss Clowsers,

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who were prisoners at the same time. They
were aged respective 10, 7 and 5 years.

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After   their return [Look for “Claussers” in link bouquet hostage list  ]  they grew up in their old neighborhood; were married, and raised families of chil-
dren, and they were all three widows when Ker-
cheval knew them, and lived not more than five
or six miles apart; two of them were Mrs.
Shultz and Mrs. Snapp, who lived about one and
a half miles from his residence, and a third,
Mrs. Frye, not exceeding six miles.

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Such history must be accepted as entirely reliable. De-
scendants of all these families reside in Frederick
County at this writing. Major White reported
a list of those killed and obtained assistance
from the Court to relieve the wants of the
wounded and helpless.

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The writer finds the name of Thomas appear-
ing in some traditionary history that is confusing
in one respect. He is given the name of Evan,
Owan, and Ellis Thomas, evidently confounding
him with some other than the man Maj. White
reported as being killed in the first raid.

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MORE ON THIS MAP

More points of interest in this same area.  This includes both the French and Indian War years and the Pontiac War year.

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WHITE FAMILY

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http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt/search?q1=White&id=mdp.39015019801227&view=2up&seq=148

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CLOWSER HOUSE

Photo from Winchester Star 1/22/14

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COUNCILHOUSE1--Shawneeland Sanitary District Advisory Board Members Clare Mullett, left, and Tammy Furr, right, talk with Marion Clowser in front of the Council House in Shawneeland. Clowser had lived in the house as a child. 11/18/2013 SCOTT MASON

COUNCILHOUSE1–Shawneeland Sanitary District Advisory Board Members Clare Mullett, left, and Tammy Furr, right, talk with Marion Clowser in front of the Council House in Shawneeland. Clowser had lived in the house as a child. 11/18/2013 SCOTT MASON

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http://www.dhr.virginia.gov/registers/Counties/Frederick/034-1531_Clowser_House_2014_PIF_Split.pdf

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From link immediately below:

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“The 3 Clower Daughters: They were aged respectively at ages 10, 7 and 5 years. After their return, they grew up in their old neighborhood, and were married and raised families of children, They were all three widows when Kercheval knew then and lived not more than five or six miles apart. Two of them were Mrs. Shutlz and Mrs. Snapp who lived one and a half miles from his residence and a third, Mrs. Frye lived no more than six miles. Such history must be accepted as totally reliable. Descendants of all these families live in Frederick County at the time of this writing.”

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http://www.dhr.virginia.gov/registers/Counties/Frederick/034-1531_Clowser_House_2014_PIF.pdf

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CLOWSER FAMILY

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http://hackerscreek.com/norman/CLOWSER.htm

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Henry Clowser, a son of Johann Heinrich and Anna Maria Clowser, wasborn about 1760 in Clowser Gap, Frederick County VA and died there in 1835.

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Henry was the lone male survivor of the Indian Massacre of his
father Henry Clowser and two older brothers among others as they were leaving a neighbors home after an overnight stay enroute to Whites Fort,about two miles to the north east, which was one mile west of the present Hayfield, VA.

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Henry kept himself hid as best as a four year old could while the Indians departed with his mother and four sisters and brothers and the others. He was an orphan but later inherited his fathers lands and properties according to available records.

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https://archive.org/stream/shenandoahvalle00cartgoog#page/n8/mode/2up

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http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015019801227?urlappend=%3Bseq=94

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http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt/search?q1=clowser;id=mdp.39015019801227;view=2up;seq=148;start=1;sz=10;page=search;orient=0

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clowser house 2

See https://www.facebook.com/shawneeland/  for above photo.

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clowser house 3

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Are we Done Here?  Any more to this story?

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Absolutely. What about those hostages taken by the Indians?

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And just an aside, Indians, Native Americans are of course both a White European term. Often the First Nations (still a White European term) called themselves, “The People. “

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COLONEL BOUQUET

The remaining captives?
Mrs Thomas daughter and Mrs Clowser and her 3 remaining daughters would survive captivity and be released at conclusion of Pontiac’s War.

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Were they some of the ones released to Colonel Henry Bouquet when he marched from Fort Pitt to Coshocton Ohio to bring back the Indian captives?

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YES !  They were.  Their names were spelled Clausser. Scroll through this link to view all the names of hostages recovered. After clicking on link, hit backspace to come back here :

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bouquet hostage list

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More about that march and the treaty provisions to bring the white captives of the Indians back to their former white families.

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The orderly book of Colonel Henry Bouquet’s Expedition against the Ohio Indians, 1764. From the original in the William L. Clements Library.

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Link to article below
http://www.timesreporter.com/article/20141019/NEWS/141019217/10675/NEWS

Elements of historic march remain in Ohio today
By Eric Lagatta
Coshocton Tribune
Posted Oct. 20, 2014 @ 5:00 am

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A journey into what is now Coshocton proved to be so historically pivotal that remnants of and testaments to the feat can still be found across the county.

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This month marks the 250th anniversary of Col. Henry Bouquet’s march from Fort Pitt to Coshocton with 1,500 militia members and British troops, during which he secured the release of 264 people who were captives of Native Americans without engaging in warfare.

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While the mid-1700s are long gone, the excursion remains significant to the county. Art and historical markers still remain as documents of the march, and historians still dedicate time to researching it.

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For instance, behind Judge Robert Batchelor’s bench in Coshocton County Common Pleas Court is a 35-foot-long mural depicting the signing of the treaty between Bouquet’s forces and the Native Americans near the Coshocton County Walhonding River. Painted in 1908 by Arthur William Woelfle, an artist who lived in Coshocton for a time, the mural has been touched up and restored twice.

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Bouquets mural ReceivingofPrisonersFromTheIndiansBenjaminBlackson

http://www.pomerenearts.org/community/historic-mural-project.html

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“We were just privileged to have him living and teaching in Coshocton,” said Irene Miller, a former clerk of courts who gave many tours during her tenure. “This is one of the most spectacular paintings you would find in Ohio.”

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Recently, the Coshocton Public Library commemorated the expedition with a presentation by Ken Smailes, a local historian who also is the news director at Coshocton’s WTNS. In front of a packed house at the Central Christian Church, Smailes, attired as a 1760s British militiaman, described Bouquet’s background, military experiences and the historical events surrounding the expedition at the time.

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Born in 1719 in Switzerland, Bouquet’s military training made him shrewd, logical and disciplined, Smailes said.

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In 1764, after a major victory at the Battle of Bushy Run, Bouquet had become the commander of Fort Pitt. But he soon left on Oct. 2 for his 23-day trip that would lead to Coshocton with the objective to “take care of the Indians once and for all,” Smailes said.

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His men left with 1,152 pack horses, each carrying 160 pounds of supplies; they also had 400 sheep and as many cattle. When the caravan was traveling, they stretched out for a mile.

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He eventually arrived in Coshocton, where Native American leaders of various tribes approached him to pursue a treaty. The terms called for the release of more than 200 captive women and children, along with provisions to get them back to Fort Pitt, and in exchange, Bouquet would not attack them.

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But while some of Bouquet’s accomplishments may be impressive, he had a more sinister side that was all too common at the time.

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His view of Native Americans as being savages no doubt influenced his decision to prevent the released captives from returning to their Native American families, said Jeremy Turner, a tribal member of Shawnee, Wyandot and Seneca Cayuga, all three federally recognized nations in Oklahoma. Turner also is a historical expert on his ancestry.

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Read more: http://www.timesreporter.com/article/20141019/News/141019217#ixzz3GkrhGWtK

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MORE LINKS

For further research:

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west branch Susquehanna and the big runaway:

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https://archive.org/stream/otzinachsonorhis00megi_0#page/n9/mode/2up

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only one reference to a later killbuck who went to Princeton college
https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_wRAVAAAAYAAJ

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http://www.dhr.virginia.gov/registers/Counties/Frederick/034-1531_Clowser_House_2014_PIF.pdf

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2 Comments

1

I live in Shawneeland where the structure is. It’s nothing but a hazard, tear it down.

2

I live in Shawneeland where the structure is. It’s nothing but a hazard, tear it down. It’s a waste and there is no real proof of this guy living in that exact house.

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