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Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales and Frederick Co VA

Compiled by Jim Moyer  July 2015, revised 9/26/15, 10/23/16, 5/3/2017, 5/25/2017, 1/30/2019. 3/14/2019. 3/16/2019

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A little more on WHY?  WHY FRED?

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Here lies poor Fred

who was alive and is dead,

Had it been his father I had much rather,

Had it been his sister nobody would have missed her,

Had it been his brother, still better than another,

Had it been the whole generation, so much better for the nation,

But since it is Fred who was alive and is dead,

There is no more to be said!

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Frederick County Virginia is named after this FRED.

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So was Fredericksburg VA.

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Winchester VA was named Frederick Town . . . shortly after being called “Opekon” on the maps.

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And this FRED was related to –

Frederick II (Frederick the Great, King of Prussia).

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The Ditty above

The above ditty at the time of his death was quoted years later by William Makepeace Thackeray in his look at the Hanover family, “The Four Georges”:

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See this link: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/29363/29363-h/29363-h.html.

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Or this page turner link http://www.bartleby.com/297/175.html

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Hated by his own Father, King George II

Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales,  was hated by his own father, King George II.

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frederick_prince_of_wales_1754_by_liotard

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This hate was exacerbated by Frederick going to Parliament to ask for a larger allowance when his father King George II would not agree.  Frederick regarded his £50,000 a year (at least £3 million a year in today’s money) as miserably inadequate, especially since Frederick was sponsoring a shadow opposition government, which further cemented his father’s hate.

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Picture from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick,_Prince_of_Wales

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Oh yes, the title Griff?

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That was Frederick, Prince of Wales, nickname.

It was a nick. ..

So when you have a moment —

If you want to know about that nick, read an interesting analysis about the bad blood recorded between Frederick and his mom Caroline and his Dad, King George II:

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http://laurapurcell.com/hanoverian-mothers-3-1-caroline-and-frederick/. .

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So why honor towns and counties after this man?

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What were they thinking?

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Answer?   Was he a version of Camelot?  Young, dynamic, wanting change, aristocratic yet a man of the people?

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From a book, “Britons, Forging the Nation 1707-1837″ by Linda Colley, 1992 Yale University Press, Page 206.

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“…Frederick Lewis [Anglicized] , one of the great might-have-beens of British history. From the 1730s, Frederick — so often dismissed as just another puny princeling — had recognized what was wrong with the Hanoverian Dynasty [King George I, and King George II, his grandfather and father both born in Hanover Germany] practice of monarchy …”

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His gold and graceful state barge, now in the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich, shows how much he wanted to make a visual impact, how much he relished letting the Thames carry him through his capital city in style.”

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“With Frederick, the image of the Hanoverian Dynasty changed, becoming softer and markedly more sympathetic. George I and George II had sought primarily to survive; Frederick, like his successor [his son George III], wanted to appeal and to impress.”

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Ed note: So, . . . Frederick Co VA is named after the Father of the much maligned King George III, the tyrant depicted in the Declaration of the Independence.

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“Frederick had spent money and time associating himself with the making of a patriotic culture, planning the creation of a national academy of art, and commissioning Thomas Arne and James Thomson to write, Rule Britannia.”

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From the Wikipedia link:

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RULE BRITANNIA was first performed at Cliveden, country home of Frederick, Prince of Wales (the eldest son of George II and father of the future George III, as well as the great-grandfather of Queen Victoria), on 1 August 1740

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Frederick arrived in England in 1728 as a grown man, the year after his father had become King George II. … Frederick, himself now Prince of Wales… and Augusta [his wife] appeared in public together, and the couple were popular with the public.

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He also enjoyed sports and was seriously involved in cricket, both as a patron and a player. Frederick looked forward to succeeding to the throne and becoming “a patriot king.”  He delighted in opposing the government and lent his support to the opposition.

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After the Jacobite Rising 1745, culminating in the Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746, Frederick opposed the severe treatment of the Jacobites that his father, King George II, and brother, The Duke of Cumberland [known as the Butcher] supported.

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Frederick doted on his 9 children,  the opposite of his distant father, King George II.   Frederick made news ” helping to put out fires in London.”

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“When he died on 20 March 1750 [old style calendar], cricket suffered a double blow as his death closely followed that of Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond, the game’s greatest financial patron at the time…”

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Dates of Birth and Death

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Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales was born 1 February 1707

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But you will see different dates for his death.

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Because the calendar changed.

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England, not Scotland (despite having parliaments unified 1707 the year Frederick was born)  in  1750  implemented a two step change in the calendar that took 2 years to complete.

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In England and Wales, 1751 was a short year of 282 days, starting  25 March, ending 31 December.

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Frederick died  on 20 March 1750 old style calendar.

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Wednesday 2 September 1752 was followed by Thursday 14 September 1752, an 11 day change.

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31 March 1751 – new style.

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Source: Calendar (New Style) Act 1750

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FREDERICK COUNTY VA CREATED 1738

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Frederick County  and Augusta County, named for Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales, and his Wife, Augusta,  were created from western Orange County by the Virginia House of Burgesses.

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Saturday November 11, 1738

Journal of House of Burgesses, page 338

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The names of Frederick and Augusta Counties are not mentioned yet in that splitting up of Orange County  “westward of the Top of the Blue Ridge of Mountains.”

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Reſolved,

That all that Part of the ſaid County of Orange, which lies to the Weſt-
ward of the Top of the Blue Ridge of Mountains, be ſeparated from the reſt of the ſaid
County, and erected into Two diſtinct Counties, to be divided by a Line from the Head
Spring of Conway River, to the Head Spring of Potowmack;

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and that the reſt of the
ſaid County be another diſtinct County: And that the Petition againſt the ſaid Divifion,
be rejected.

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Reſolved,

That all that Part of the ſaid County of Orange, which lies to the Weſt-
ward of the Top of the Blue Ridge of Mountains, be ſeparated from the reſt of the ſaid
County, and erected into Two diſtinct Counties, to be divided by a Line from the Head
Spring of Conway River, to the Head Spring of Potowmack; and that the reſt of the
ſaid County be another diſtinct County: And that the Petition againſt the ſaid Divifion,
be rejected.

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Ordered,

That it be an Inſtruction to the Committee to whom it is referred, to pre-
pare and bring in a Bill, for the better Security and Encouragement of the Inhabitants
beyond the great Ridge of Mountains; that they have Power to receive a Clauſe or
Clauſes, for Dividing the County of Orange, according to the ſaid Reſolution.
Ordered,

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AUGUST 1, 1738 – Wrong

Virginia state history signs all say 1738. But the caption under these signs state August 1, 1738.  This is incorrect.

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http://www.markerhistory.com/tag/frederick-county/

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This might be a mixture of matching wrong date with year.

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Lt Gov William Gooch had called elections for a new assembly.  They were then elected and called to meet on August 1, 1735, but did not actually meet until August 5, 1736.

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Source:

https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uva.x001603225;view=1up;seq=31 

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DECEMBER 21, 1738 – Correct

This site states  December 21, 1738.

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http://www.co.frederick.va.us/visit/history-of-frederick-county

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That date  of December 21, 1738 appears to be the last date of the Assembly’s 2nd session.

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The Assembly of 1736 to 1740 (Page xxvii) had 5 different sessions passing laws.

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The 2nd Session of 1 Nov 1738 to 21 Dec 1738 (Page xxix) shows Frederick County and Augusta County was created in this 2nd Session (Page xxxi).

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Hening also confirms the start of this 2nd session as 1 Nov 1738.

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For the law creating Frederick and Augusta Counties, see: November 1738, Volume V,  Chapter XXI, pages 78-80.  See Link 1   See Link 2, then CTRL F to find FREDERICK .  You will see the heading: LAWS OF VIRGINIA, NOVEMBER 1738−−12th GEORGE II.

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What this means is the 12th year of King George II reign, not November 12 as has been mistakenly inferred.

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October 23, 1743

James Wood appointed Clerk of Court for Frederick County, recorded in Orange County.

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FREDERICK COUNTY ESTABLISHED 1743

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Although created in 1738,

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“the said new counties and parishes shall remain part of the county of Orange, and parish of Saint Mark, until it shall be made appear to the governor and council, for the time being, that there is a sufficient number of inhabitants for appointing justices of the peace, and other officers, and erecting courts therein, for the due administration of justice;”

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Source: Page 79 Henings statutes

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And that didn’t happen until 1743 when Frederick County became independent of Orange and established a court with officers.

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The Court for Frederick County VA was held at Orange Court House from 1738 until 1743, when it was transferred to Winchester.

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“Mentioned in the Court Order books as Col. of horse and foot in the Colonial  Line, “and as County Surveyor in 1734;”  special order appears in the minutes  of 1742 in connection with Col. John Lewis, Major Morgan Morgan, Captains  Andrew Campbell, Thos. Rutherford, Lewis Neill, Lt. Jacob Hite, Thos.  Swearingcn, and many others who became prominent in Frederick County when the  first court was organized.”

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See link, then CTRL F to find JAMES WOOD

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Source: Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants, A History of Frederick County, Virginia (ILLUSTRATED)
From its Formation in 1738 to 1908 Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick…..by  T. K. Cartmell Clerk of the Old County Court

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Frederick County’s Original Officers of the Court

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On Tuesday, November 14th, 1743, eight persons took the  magistrates’ oath, and composed the court. Morgan Morgan and David Vance administered the oath to Marquis Calmes, Thomas  Rutherford, William M’Mahon, Meredith Helmes, George Hoge  and. John White.

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These, in turn, administered the oath to Morgan  Morgan and David Vance. James Wood was made Clerk of the  County, and Thomas Rutherford, Sheriff. James Porteus, John  Steerman, George Johnston, and John Newport, gentlemen, taking  the oath of attornies, were admitted to the Bar.

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Winchester was  the county seat. At the second meeting of the court, December  9th, 1743, the will of Benjamin Burden, who had been named as  magistrate, was proved.

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Barnet Lindsey received twenty lashes on  his bare back, at the common whipping-post, for stealing’ two pieces  of venison from the milk house of Thomas Hart, adjudged to be  worth two pence: Henry Howard, servant to James M’Crachan,  ‘was adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor, on charge of stealing a mare  from Samuel Glass, and received ten lashes on his bare back,  December 10th.

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In another case of horse stealing — or rather horse  riding — taking a man’s horse without leave, and riding off on a  visit for some days — the defendant had his choice of twenty lashes  or fifteen shillings fine : the same Henry Howard was complained  of by his master, James M’Crachan, that he had been absent eleven  days, and that in finding him and bringing him back, the expenses  had been twenty shillings, and one hundred and fifty pounds of  tobacco ; and the court ordered that he serve six months and four  days for his runaway time and expenses, after the expiration of his  time of servitude according to law, unless he could otherwise satisfy  his master.

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In March, 1744, ordered that James O’Neal keep the  Court House clean, and attend on court days to take care of the  Justices’ horses during a twelvemonth, for which he is to receive  from the county levy £23 15s. current money.

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The above is from:

Sketches of Virginia : historical and biographical  by Foote, William Henry, 1794-1869, Published 1856, pages 17-18

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Appointed Surveyor must live in County

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September 1744, Volume V,  Chapter XXII, page 254-255

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…whereas it hath been found, by experience, that many controversies and disputes have arisen, and daily arise, among people in those counties where any such lands are, about priority of entries, especially where the surveyor of such county doth not actually reside therein, he often times deputing other persons to take entries; and many times it so happens, that entries have been made with such deputy, and with the surveyor himself, for the same land, by different persons: for preventing any such disputes and controversies for the future, and for the greater ease and conveniency of the people, in repairing from time to time, to the respective surveyors of such counties, and for the better ascertaining the right of any such entries

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Quarterly Courts

Courts held once every 3 months

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This was a long running battle between Merchants and Lawyers.  Merchants felt their debts would not be paid in a timely fashion.  Williamsburg Virginia state officials also thought fees and taxes would not be collected either in time. But the lawyers and judges who had to serve these writs and notices and to collect this revenue had a lot of distance to cover. The debtors also lived hundreds of miles away in the wilderness.

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See link:  Quarterly Courts

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Frederick County was one of the courts allowed to meet once every 3 months.

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From the above link: Quarterly courts were allowed from 20 June 1749 until at least 10 June 1751, “and from thence to the end of the next session of Assembly.” Ultimately the next assembly refused to renew it. The quarterly courts act consequently expired when the governor adjourned the Assembly on 20 April 1752.

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On 21 November 1753, the House of Burgesses rejected a petition from Frederick County’s magistrates requesting “that Quarterly Courts may be held in the said County.

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See Map  below of what the counties looked like, copied from link above. Click on map to enlarge detail.

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quarterly courts map

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Bounty for WOLVES in Frederick County

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September 1744, Volume V, Chapter XXIX page 265-266

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…That from and after the first day of November next, a reward of six shillings, for every old Wolf, and two shillings and six pence, for every young Wolf, killed within the county of Frederick, shall be paid, to the party obtaining certificate thereof, under the hand of a justice of peace of the said county

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…the court for the said county of Frederick, shall be held on the first Tuesday

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Friday, October 5, 1744, page 121, volume 7 of Journal of House of Burgesses:

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A Bill, For giving a Reward for killing Wolves in the County of Frederick, to be
levied on the Inhabitants of that County by the Court; and for altering the Court-Day of
the faid County, was read a Second Time ; and committed to the Members for the County
of Frederick, to Mr Colville, Mr Barret, and Mr William Waller.

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1632 First wolf bounty law passed by the Virginia Bay Colony

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Bounty for Buffalo

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James Wood (the senior) paid bounty for buffalo.

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Sketches of Virginia : historical and biographical  by Foote, William Henry, 1794-1869, Published 1856

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See Chapter VII, page 91  Benjamin Borden, whose will is proved by James Wood in Winchester VA, allegedly offers a buffalo calf to the Governor.

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See  Chapter XI, Page 150  Buffalo are hunted in Draper’s Meadow, where the famous story of the abuction of Mary Draper Ingles in Southern Virginia occurs.

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What kind of buffalo was it?

See all these discussions:  link1, link2, link3, link4 

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Buffalo Lick Run, Frederick County, Virginia

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BACK TO FREDERICK LOUIS,

IT’S ALL RELATIVE:

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Prince Frederick Louis was born on 1 February 1707 in Hanover, Germany, as Duke Friedrich Ludwig of Brunswick-Lüneburg, to Prince George, son of George, Elector of Hanover, who was also one of Frederick’s two godfathers. The Elector was the son of Sophia of Hanover, granddaughter of James VI and I and first cousin and heiress-presumptive to the English Queen Anne.

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Click on family tree to enlarge.  See King George I and Frederick II (Frederick the Great).

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frederick-the-great-family-tree

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However, Sophia died before Anne at age 83 in June 1714, which elevated the Elector to heir-presumptive; Queen Anne died on August 1 of the same year, and Sophia’s son became King George I. This made Frederick’s father the new Prince of Wales and first-in-line to the British throne and Frederick himself second-in-line. Frederick’s other godfather was his grand-uncle Frederick I, King in Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg-Prussia.[1] .

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Click on family tree to enlarge.   See King George I and King George II highlighted.

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georges-hanover-family-tree

King George II begot our FRED, Prince Frederick of Wales who died 1751 and whose son George III became President in 1760 at beginning of the end of the French and Indian War and who became the King that the colonies rebelled against in their Declaration of Independence.

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Frederick was nicknamed “Griff” within the family…Van der Kiste observes that “griff” was a Caribbean term for a half-caste, and that it was applied to Frederick because he was “heavy-nosed, thick-lipped and yellow-skinned.”

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Above from Wikipedia link

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SOURCES on Frederick Louis

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Britons: Forging the Nation 1707–1837, by Linda Colley, 1992, Yale University Press

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Wikipedia Link on Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales

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About the hate  

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More about the hate

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More on Frederick, see reference on helping out with fires

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http://www.unofficialroyalty.com/february-1-1707-birth-of-frederick-prince-of-wales-son-of-king-george-ii-of-great-britain-and-father-of-king-george-iii-of-the-united-kingdom/

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LINKS on Frederick County Virginia

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Frederick County records

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Frederick County creation of roads – VDOT

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Frederick County VA list of sheriffs

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http://www.usgwarchives.net/va/frederick.htm

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Current stats on Frederick County VA

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Benjamin Borden (1675–1743) land speculator

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Fry-Jefferson Map

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LINKS – VIRGINA HOUSE OF BURGESSES

http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=lva/vi04143.xml

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Henings statues http://vagenweb.org/hening/vol05-05.htm  page 79 creation of Frederick and Augusta Counties out of Orange County in 1738

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Excellent Table of Contents:

1.  “Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, 1619-1776” 

2.  http://vagenweb.org/hening/

3. The Legal Genealogist https://www.legalgenealogist.com/2012/04/13/early-virginia-statutes/

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Quarterly Courts established by House of Burgesses

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Links on Fredericksburg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fredericksburg,_Virginia

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Named for Frederick, Prince of Wales,[14] son of King George II, the colonial town’s streets bore the names of members of the royal family. The county court was moved to Fredericksburg in 1732, and the town served as county seat until 1780, when the courthouse was moved closer to the county center in Spotsylvania County

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TITHABLES. POPULATION STATS

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A List of Tithables Sent the Lords of Trade, February 23rd, 1756. – (Per Capt. Teage.)

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Notice how Frederick County and Augusta County have more taxable people than the older counties?

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Notice the black populations in the older counties, much larger than on the frontier counties?

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http://www.wvculture.org/history/frenchandindian/17560223dinwiddie.html

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LINKS

notes for further research

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Frederick MD and Frederick Co MD

http://hpnbooks.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/HistoricFrederickCounty.pdf

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From the Journals of the House of Burgesses

References to Frederick Co and Augusta Co


 

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In the 1742-1747 House of Burgessess,

sitting for Frederick County are

Samuel Earle and [  Andrew ? ] Campbell.


 

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“…two Assemblies,  the Assembly of 1 742-1 747 and that of 1748-49. The former of these Assemblies had five sessions ; the latter only one, but a very long and busy one. ”  See link.

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Page 90, Thursday, September 13, 1744

M”” Conway, from the Committee of Privileges and Elections, reported. That the
Committee had had under their Confideration, the Matter to them referred, concerning
the Qualification of M”‘ Samuel Earl, to fit as a Member of this Houfe, for the County of
Frederick: And had come to a Refolution thereupon; which he read in his Place, and
afterwards delivered in at the Table; and is as follows:

Refolved, That it is the Opinion of this Committee, That the faid M’ Earl is duly
qualified.

Upon which, a Debate arofe; and the Queftion being put thereupon, the Houfe

divided.

Noes go forth. Noes 8
Yeas 45

Refolved, That the faid M”‘ Earl is duly qualified.

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Page 95, September 18, 1744

MR. Beverley, from the Committee of Claims, moved for the Diredtions of the
Houfe, how they should levy the Charge for taking up Rimaways in the
County of Frederick? And it was thereupon

Ordered, That it be an Inftrudlion to the faid Committee, to levy the
fame on the County where the Mafter of the Rimaway refides.

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Page 96,  Wednesday, September 19, 1744

Ordered, That Leave be given to bring in a Bill, for giving a Reward for killing
Wolves in the County of Frederick, to be levied on the Inhabitants of the faid County,
by the Court ; and for altering the Court-Day of the faid County : And that M^ Campbell
and M’ Earl do prepare and bring in the fame.

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Page 106,  Wednesday, September 26, 1744

M”‘ Campbell, according to Order, prefented a Bill, For giving a Reward for Killing
Wolves in the County of Frederick, to be levied on the Inhabitants of the faid County by
the Court; and for altering the Court-Day of the faid County: And the fame was read the
Firft Time.

Ordered, That the Bill be read a fecond Time.

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Page 111, Friday, September 28, 1744

And that the Returns of the Writs for electing Burgeffes for the Counties of Prince
William, and Frederick, are not made in the Form prefcribed by Law.

Ordered, That the Clerk amend the Returns of the refpedlive Sheriffs of Prince
William, and Frederick, at the Table : And they were amended accordingly.

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Page 121, Friday, October 5, 1744

A Bill, For giving a Reward for killing Wolves in the County of Frederick, to be
levied on the Inhabitants of that County by the Court; and for altering the Court-Day of
the faid County, was read a Second Time ; and committed to the Members for the County
of Frederick, to M”^ Colville, M” Barret, and M’ William Waller.

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Page 124, Saturday, October 6, 1744

M’ William Waller, from the Committee to whom the Bill, For giving a Reward for
killing Wolves in the County of Frederick, to be levied on the Inhabitants of the faid County
by the Court; and far altering the Court-Day of the faid County, was committed, reported
feveral Amendments made to the Bill; which he read in his Place, and afterwards deliv-
ered the Bill, with the Amendments, in at the Table; where the fame were again read,
and agreed to by the Houfe.

Ordered, That the Bill, with the Amendments, be Ingroffed.

Upon a Motion,

Ordered, That Leave be given to bring in a Bill, To oblige the Inhabitants of Augufta
County, to pay their Proportion of the Charge for running the Dividing Line between Augufta
and Frederick Counties; and that M”^ Benjamin Harrifon do prepare and bring in the

fame.

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Page 125,  Monday, October 8, 1744

A Bill, intituled, An Ad, for giving a Reward for killing Wolves in the County of
Frederick, to he levied on the Inhabitants of the (aid County by the Court; and for altering
feveral Court Days, was read a Third Time; and the Blanks in the Bill filled up.

Refolved, That the Bill do pafs.

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Page 127,  Wednesday October 10, 1744

Alfo to the Bill, intituled, An Ad, for giving a Reward for killing Wolves in the
County of Frederick, to be levied on the Inhabitants of the faid County by the Court; and
for altering feveral Court Days, without any Amendments.

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Page 128,  Wednesday October 10, 1744

M’ Harrifon according to Order, prefented to the Houfe a Bill, To oblige the
Inhabitants of Augufta County, to pay their Proportion of the Charge for running the
Dividing Line between Augufta and Frederick Counties; and the fame was received, and
read the Firft Time.
. Ordered, That the Bill be read a Second Time.

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Page 129, Thursday October 11, 1744

Bill, To oblige the Inhabitants of Augufta County, to pay their Proportion of the
Charge, for running the Dividing Line between Augufta and Frederick Counties, was
read a Second Time ; and committed to M” Carter, and the Members for the County of
Frederick.

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Page 136, Wednesday October 17, 1744

M’ Carter, from the Committee to whom the Bill, To oblige the Inhabitants of Augufta (j
County, to pay their Proportion of the Charge for running the Dividing Line between Augufta
and Frederick Counties, was committed, reported feveral Amendments made thereto;
which he read in his Place, and then delivered the Bill, with the Amendments, in at the
Table; where the fame were again twice read and agreed to by the Houfe.

Ordered, That the Bill, with the Amendments, be Ingroffed.

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Page 137, Wednesday October 17, 1744

A Bill, intituled An Ad, to oblige the Inhabitants of Augufta County, to pay their
Proportion of the Charge, for running the Dividing Line between Avigufta and Frederick
Counties, was read a third Time.

Refolved, That the Bill do pafs.

Ordered, That M’ Harrifon do carry the Bill to the Council, for their Concur-
rence.

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Page 139, Thursday October 18, 1744

A Meffage from the Council, by M’ Walthoe:

That they have agreed to the Bill, intitled, An AA to oblige the Inhabitants of
Augiifta County, to pay their Proportion of the Charge for running the Dividing Line,
between Augufta and Frederick Counties.

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Page 148,  Thursday, October 25, 1744

An Act, to oblige the Surveyors of the Counties of Albemarle, Augufta, Frederick, and
Louifa, to refide in the refpedive Counties whereof they are Surveyors.

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An Act, for giving a Reu’ard for killing Wolves in the County of Frederick, to be levied
on the Inhabitants of the faid County by the Court; and for altering feveral Court Days.

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Page 149, Thursday October 25, 1744

An Act, to oblige the Inhabitants of Augufta County, to pay their Proportion of the
Charge for running the Dividing Line between Augufta and Frederick Countie

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Page 173, Wednesday March 5, 1745

Ordered, That Leave be given to bring in a Bill, to amend the A<ft, intituled. An Ad,
for giving a Reward for killing wolves in the County of Frederick, to be levied on the Inhab-
itants of the faid County, by the Court; and for altering feveral Court-Days: And that
M”‘ Campbell prepare and bring in the fame.

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  • Page 183  – 1 matching term 

    • …ty of Frederick, to be levied on the Inhabitants of the faid County, by the Court; and for altering feveral Court-Days: And the fame was received, and read the Firft Time; and Ordered to be read a Second Time. The Houfe, according to Order, refumed the adjourned Confideration of the Report…
  • Page 188  – 1 matching term 

    • …ms of Frederick and Augufta. Ordered, That Thirty per Cent, be dedudled from the faid Claims. A Petition of Spencer Ball, John Foufhea, William Taite, and Griffin Fantleroy, was prefented to the Houfe, and read; fetting forth. That they are deply fenfible of the Misfortune they labour under,…
  • Page 190  – 1 matching term 

    • …ty of Frederick, direfted to the Governor, Council, and Burgeffes, and referred to this Committee; fetting forth the many Hardfhips they undergo, by having their Stocks taken away, and other Mifchiefs frequently committed, by the Indians ; and praying fuch Relief as fhall be thought reafonab…
  • Page 191  – 1 matching term 

    • … of Frederick, to be levied on the Inhabitants of the faid County, by the Court; and for altering feveral Court Days, was read the Second Time : And committed to M”” Benjamin Waller, M’ Beverley, and MJ Campbel. Ordered, That it be an Inftrudlion to the Committee of Propofitions and Grieva…
  • Page 193  – 1 matching term 

    • …ty of Frederick, to be levied on the Inhabitants of the faid County, by the Court; and for altering feveral Court-Days, is committed. That they have Power to receive a Claufe or Claufes, for giving a Reward for killing Wolves in the Covmty of Augufta, to be levied on the Inhabitants of the fai…
  • Page 200  – 1 matching term 

    • …ty of Frederick, to be levied on the Inhabitants of the faid County, by the Court; and for altering feveral Court Days, was committed. That the Committee had made feveral Amendments to the Bill, which they had diredled him to report to the Houfe ; and he read the Report in his Place, and then …
  • Page 204  – 1 matching term 

    • …ty of Frederick, to be levied on the Inhabitants of the faid County, by the Court; and for altering feveral Court-Days; and to colled a Tax already laid on the Inhabitants of Augufta County, was read the Third Time; and a Blank in the Bill filled up. Refolved, That the Bill do pafs. Orde…
  • Page 209  – 1 matching term 

    • …ty of Frederick, to be levied on the Inhabitants of the faid County, by the Court; and for altering feveral Court-Days; and to colled a Tax already laid on the Inhabitants of Augufta County : Alfo to the Bill, intituled. An Ad, for continuing the Ad, for laying a Duty upon Slaves, to be pa…
  • Page 220  – 1 matching term 

    • …ty of Frederick. to be levied on the Inhabitants of the faid County, by the Court; and for altering feveral Court-Days; and to colled a Tax already laid on the Inhabitants of Augufta County. An Ad, for the more effedual Clearing of James and Appamattox Rivers. An Ad, for giving a cer…

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In the 1748- 1749 House of Burgessess,

sitting for Frederick County are

George Fairfax and Gabriel Jones


 

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Page 262, Monday Oct 31, 1748

Refolved, That the Propofition from the Counties of Hanover, Fairfax, and Frederick,
for holding their Courts Quarterly, inftead of Monthly, be rejedled.

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On Confideration of a Propofition from the County of Frederick, for obliging the
Defendant or Defendants in any Adlion, brought againft him or them, or any Writing
obligatory, to which he or they fhall plead Non eft Factum, to make Affidavit of the
Truth of fuch Plea, before the fame fhaU be received;

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Refolved, That the faid Propofition is reafonable.

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On Confideration of a Propofition from the County of Frederick, for allowing the
Depofition or Depositions of one or more Witneffes, taken before a Mayor of a Cor-
poration, or other proper Officer, and certified under the Seal of his Office, to be given
in Evidence againft any Defendant or Defendants, who fhall plead Non eft Factum to
a Bond, and to be fufficient to convidl fuch Defendant or Defendants of Perjury;

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Refolved, That the faid Propofition be rejedled.

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Refolved, That the Propofition from the County of Frederick, for allowing the In-
habitants of that County the fame Rewards for killing Wolves, as are allowed the
Inhabitants of other Counties in this Colony, be rejedled.

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On Confideration of the Propofition from the County of Frederick, for Erecting
Warehoufes for the Infpeftion of Hemp in that County; and for fuffering the Inhabitants

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thereof to pay all their Public Dues and Officers Fees in that Commodity, in Lieu of
Tobacco, or for difcharging them in Money, at the Rate of Three Farthings for every
Pound of Tobacco;

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Refolved, That the faid Propofition is reafonable.

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Ordered, That the Committee of Propofitions and Grievances, do prepare and bring
in a Bill, purfuant to the laft Refolution.

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  • Page 265  – 1 matching term 

    • …ts of Frederick County, in Behalf of themfelves and others, to the fame Purpofe: Alfo a Petition of Philip Alexander, in Oppofition to the faid Petitions ; were fever- ally prefented to the Houfe, and read. Ordered, That the faid Petitions be referred to the Confideration of the Commit…
  • Page 273  – 1 matching term 

    • …ty of Frederick, for providing the Inhabitants of that County with Arms and Ammunition, to defend themf elves againft the Indians; be rejedled. On Confideration of the Petition of Edward Wafhington and William Payne, Infpedl- ors at Occoquan and Pohick Warehoufes, in the County of Fairfax, f…
  • Page 298  – 1 matching term 

    • …ty of Frederick, for the Infpedion of Hemp in that County; and for fuffering the Inhabitants thereof to pay all their Public Dues and Officers Fees in that Cofnmodity in Lieu of Tobacco, or for difcharing them in Money, at the Rate of Three Farthings …
  • Page 377  – 1 matching term 

    • … and Frederick, to pay all Perfons, producing Certificates for Wolves Heads in Money : And that M’^ Maddifon, and M” Benjamin Waller, do prepare and bring in the fame. M” Carter reported. That the Committee appointed to manage the Conference for this Houfe, upon the fubjedl Matter of th…
  • Page 378  – 1 matching term 

    • …es of Frederick and Augufta: And the fame was read the Firft Time ; and Ordered to be read a Second Time. …
  • Page 379  – 1 matching term 

    • … of Frederick and Augufta, was read the Second Time. Ordered, That the Bill be Ingroffed. A Bill, For dividing the County of Henrico into Two diftind Counties, was read a Second Time. Ordered, That the Bill be Ingroffed. M”” Carter, from the Committee of Propofitions and Grie\-an…
  • Page 380  – 1 matching term 

    • …es of Frederick and Lunenburg, and allowing the Inhabitants thereof to pay their Dues and Officers Fees in Hemp, in Lieu of Tobacco; and giving a Bounty to the Makers of Hemp in Lunenburg : And the fame was received. Ordered, That the Bill do lie on the Table. An Ingroffed Bill, intitu…
  • Page 381  – 1 matching term 

    • …es of Frederick and Augufta, was read the Third Time. Refolved, That the Bill do pafs. Ordered, That M– Maddifon do carry the Bill to the Council, for their Concurrence. M”- Treafurer, according to Order, laid his Accounts before the Houfe. Ordered, That they do lie on the Table. …
  • Page 391  – 1 matching term 

    • …burg, Frederick, Albemarle, and Augufta, was read the third Time: and the Blanks in the Bill filled up. Refolved, That the Bill do pafs. Ordered, That M^ Robert Jones, and the Members for Brunfwick, Lunenburg, Fred- erick, Albemarle, and Augufta, do carry the Bill to the Council, for the…
  • Page 395  – 1 matching term 

    • …burg, Frederick, Albemarle, and Augufta, with fome Amendments : to which they defire the Concurrence of this Houfe. And that they have agreed to the Bill, intituled. An Ad, for preventing Loffes from Drivers paffing with Horfes and Cattle through this Colony; afid for laying a Duty on Horf…

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  • Page 396  – 1 matching term 

    • …burg, Frederick, Albemarle, and Augufta; and the fame being read, were agreed to. Ordered, That M”” Jones do acquaint the Council, That this Houfe have agreed to the Amendments by them propofed to the faid Bill. A Meffage from the Council, by M-^ Walthoe: That the Council do recede…
  • Page 405  – 1 matching term 

    • …burg, Frederick, Albemarle, and Augufta. To prevent the building of Wooden Chimnies in the Town of Walkerton; and alfo to prevent the Inhabitants thereof frmn raifing and keeping Hogs. . .For Eftablifhing a Town near Warwick, in the County of Henrico. …… ..For Ereding a Town at Hunting…
  • Page 417  – 1 matching term 

    • …ts of Frederick County to pay fees in, 298, 380; bill for giving premium for raifing and exporting. 313, 213, 215, 216, 220, 304, 378, 383, 385, 386, 388, 390, 393, 398, 405. Henderfon, Jacob, mentioned, 11. Henly, Leonard, petitioner, 303. Henrico County, bill for dividing, 379,…

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Page 307, Tuesday, November 29, 1748

Refolved, That it is the Opinion of this Committee, That the Propofition from the
County of Prince-William, for clearing a Road from the Pignut-Ridge, in that County,
fo far as to meet the Road cleared by the Inhabitants of the County of Frederick, to
that Part of Prince-William, which is next to the Mountains, at the Charge of the Public,
or of both the faid Counties, or for obliging the County of Frederick alone to clear the
fame; be reje(5led.

Refolved, That it is the Opinion of this Committee, That the Propofitions from the
County of Prince-William, for enabling the Juftices of that County to levy Tobacco
on the Tithable Inhabitants thereof, for defraying the Charges of clearing a Road from
the Pignut-Ridge, in the faid County, fo far as to meet the Road cleared by the Inhab-
itants of the County of Frederick, to that Part of Prince-William which is next to the
Mountains; is reafonable.

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Page 312-313,  Friday, December 2, 1748

Refolved, That it is the Opinion of this Committee, That the Petition of John Gordon,
Minifter of the Parifh of Frederick, in the County of Frederick, praying that his Salary
may be paid him by the faid Parifh in Money, at fuch a Rate as fhall make it equal
to thofe of other Minifters in this Colony; is reafonable.

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Refolved, That the Petition of William Meriwether, John Henry, John Bickerton,
of the County of Hanover, and Francis Jerdone, Executor of William Johnfon: Alio
of the Petition of John Gordon, Minifter of the Parifh of Frederick, in the County of
Frederick; be rejedled.

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Page 355-356, Wednesday, April 5, 1749

Refolved, That it is the Opinion of this Committee, That the Propofitions from the
Counties of Fairfax and Frederick, for eftablifhing a Town at Hunting Creek Warehoufe,
in the County of Fairfax, and laying off a fufficient Quantity of Land there for that
Purpofe; be rejected.

Refolved, That it is the Opinion of this Committee^ That the Propofitions from the
Counties of Fairfax and Frederick, and the Petition of Philip Alexander, of the County
of Stafford, in Oppofition to the Propofitions for a Town at Hunting Creek Warehoufe ;

and

and for eredling a Town at the Head of Great Hunting Creek, on the Land of John Minor,
in the County of Fairfax; be rejeded.

The firft Refolution being read a Second Time ; and the Quef tion being put, That

the Houfe do agree thereto?

It pajfed in the Negative.

Refolved, That the Propofitions from the Counties of Fairfax and Frederick, for
eftabhfhing a Town at Hunting Creek Warehoufe, in the County of Fairfax, and laying
off a fufficient Quantity of Land there, for that Purpofe ; are reafonable.

Then upon a Motion made,

Ordered, That the further Confideration of the faid Report be adjourned.

Ordered, That the Members for Fairfax and Frederick Counties, do prepare and bring in a Bill, pursuant to the Refolution for eftablifhing a Town at Hunting Creek Warehouse, in the County of Fairfax, and laying off a fufificient Quantity of Land there, for

that Purpose.

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