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Washington’s Men

Table of Contents created by Jim Moyer 23 Dec 2016, updated 1/2/2017, 3/20/2017, 8/27/2017

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All were prominent in George Washington’s life

during the French and Indian War

20 Years before the War for Independence.

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And all were in Winchester VA on assignment at various times.

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These Men were all Daniel Boones

on Steroids with no

” star maker machinery  behind the popular song, ”  to quote Joni Mitchell.

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Virginia Regiment

of the French and Indian War

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For Young George Washington himself at this time , see all the references to him in Untold Stories

 

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Company Returns

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Court Martials

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Lt Colonel Adam Stephen, 2nd in command

Ran against George Washington and George Mercer in 1761 and lost, but handled Fort Cumberland for George Washington during the Dagworthy Controversy

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Major Andrew Lewis, mostly southern command

Leader of the Sandy Creek Expedition, presided as President over Court Martial trials in Fort Loudoun Winchester VA to hang deserters, leader of troops attacked by Chief Cornstalk in Lord Dunmore’s War …

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Aid de Camp Captain George Mercer

His Dad probably had the largest library in Virginia before Jefferson came along, and his brother was killed in the Battle of Great Cacapon

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Lt Charles Smith

Supervisor of constructing Fort Loudoun, major land owner of Berryville VA, treasure and secretary for GW’s election campaigns and personal land holding business, punches a man in a bar in Fredericksburg and kills him

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Captain Robert Stewart

Has a story of the “curt reply”,  and has a street in Winchester VA named after him,  supervising the building of several frontier forts from 1756-1761

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William Crawford,

Friend of GW and land finder for GW and burned at the stake years later

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Daniel Morgan

A wagoneer and militia member at this time of the French and Indian War, where he got flogged on his back one time and chased by Indians got shot – the bullet crashing through his left jaw of teeth.

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Which Charles Lewis?

There was a Charles Lewis cousin to George Washington, and a Charles Lewis brother to Major Andrew Lewis who died in the Battle of Point Pleasant

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Thomas Waggener

Was with GW at Fort Necessity. His brother was killed there.  Later a Captain under Col Washington’s VA Regiment. Waggener built some forts ordered by GW. Waggener was accused of not helping in the Battle of the Trough and then whipping his accusers.

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Christopher Gist and Nathaniel Gist

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Dr James Craik

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Thomas Bullitt

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Angus McDonald

This man looms larger in Lord Dunmore’s War of 1774.  His services starts with enlisting 5 Mar. 1754 in King George County,  an recorded as age 21,  height 5′10″, seaman, from Scotland; and who was 12 years old during the Battle of Culloden.

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MILITIAS and RANGER companies

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Rutherfords

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Ashby

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Cocke

2. Thomas Cocke, probably of Suffolk County, was made a captain in the Virginia forces in December 1754 shortly after GW had left the regiment. Dinwiddie named him one of the captains in the new Virginia Regiment in September 1755 and he remained a captain of one of its companies until the number of companies was reduced in May 1757. Joshua Lewis was given the rank of lieutenant in the Virginia forces in November 1754 and was also one of those promoted to captain in the new Virginia Regiment in September 1755, where he remained until 1758 when he resigned to return to the British navy.

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Source:

Memo; December 17, 1756:

https://founders.archives.gov/?q=Date%3A1756-12-17&s=1111311111&r=3#GEWN-02-04-02-0033-fn-0002-ptr

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William Cocke was the owner of Cocke’s Tavern, 21 South Loudoun Street in Winchester VA, Lot 8 as James Wood, founder of Winchester has drawn on a map.

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Source is Pages 31-32 from  Garland R. Quarles, author of “George Washington and Winchester VA 1748-1758, A Decade of Preparation for Responsibilities to Come,” 1974, published by Winchester Frederick County Historical Society.

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1754 top leaders


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Jacob Van Braam (1725–1784)

was born in Holland and came to America in 1752. By 1753 he had settled in Fredericksburg where, with GW, he was a member of the Fredericksburg Masonic Lodge. In that year he accompanied GW as an interpreter on the journey to the French commandant. Van Braam had previous military experience as a lieutenant in the Dutch army. Present at the capitulation of Fort Necessity, he was widely criticized for his translation of the articles of capitulation. See “The Capitulation of Fort Necessity,” 3 July 1754. He was one of the two hostages demanded by the French after the Fort Necessity defeat and remained a prisoner in Canada until 1760. After his release he secured a commission in the Royal American Regiment and at the end of the war settled in Wales. In 1775 he rejoined the Royal American Regiment and served at Saint Augustine in East Florida and as a captain in the British campaign in Georgia. He sold his commission in 1779 and settled in France (Van Braam to Lord George Germain, 31 July 1777, P.R.O., C.O. 5/116, ff. 2–24; Van Braam to GW, 20 Dec. 1783, DLC:GW). Van Braam was ordered in Jan. 1754 to recruit in Augusta County (see Dinwiddie to GW, Jan. 1754), but in addition to finding the Augusta County lieutenant, James Patton, less than cooperative, Van Braam discovered that few residents of this frontier county were willing to join the expedition and leave their families unprotected against Indian raids.

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OTHERS HELPING

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Thomas Walker, Commissary

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“By Jenkins”

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Thomas Cresap

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Daniel Boone

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The Founders

We’re listing both the Indians and the Whites here.

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And some of these Indians were not just Washington’s Men, but that they aided Colonel Washington in many ways.

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The Indians

Andrew Montour – a metis

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Edmond Atkin – Indian Superintendent

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Timberlake.  See Founders Online footnote

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Indians (debate about their name?) were mostly long gone from old large Frederick Co VA, but this area was their warpath and their hunting grounds.

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Read about all the Indian Wars

from 1600 to 1800 on the continent.

This history is listed underneath the

“Frontier Forts Google Maps” by Jim Moyer,

and shows the sites of all the battles and treaties

and incidents of the world wide war

known locally here as the French and Indian War.

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The South:

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The Cherokees were in the Smokies, mostly present day TN, NC.

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The Catawba nearby were in present day SC.

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During the French and Indian War, the Whites got both the north and south who warred with each other to be allies against the Indians of the Ohio Country and of the Great Lakes.

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The North:

the Iroquois in present day NY, who welcomed a 6th nation Tuscarora back in the fold 1722.

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And the Tuscarora are a big example of migration.

They started in the Great Lakes area sharing the same Algonquian language of the 5 nations of the Iroquois. But the Tuscarora migrated well before the White invasion to North Carolina area. Then a devastating war 1711 to 1714, almost to annihilation. They began migrating back north. Some stopping to stay along the way, others continuing to NY area to be sponsored by the Oneida one of the nations of the Iroquois or Haudenosaunee, people of the long house.   All along this migration you will see the name of Tuscarora on mountains and rivers, streams. 

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So too were the Delaware (the Lenape), the Shawnee pushed out of eastern PA by White settlement, pushed toward western PA and then to Ohio country.

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Northwest:

Many nations live in the Ohio country, and Great Lakes.  Wyandot, Miami are some of the nations there.  The Shawnee and Delaware were pushed to those areas. All fought the encroachments of the Whites, by allying with the sparse population of the French.

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The White Pioneers

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James Wood, the founder of Winchester

James Wood ran for office in Orange County but never ran again except to manage GW’s campaign for House of Burgesses.

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Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron

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Thomas Bryan Martin

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Tavern owners list here.  Heath.

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Surveyors

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Hume

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Baylis

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Washington’s Portrait Artist

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Charles Willson Peale

Prolific in more ways than one – in art, in children, in sciences . . . Paints the first known portrait of GW wearing his French and Indian War Virginia Regiment uniform, 2 YEARS after the Boston Massacre.

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 1758 candidates

for House of Burgess

for Frederick County


 

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The 4 Candidates

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Mayor of Middletown Charles Harbaugh IV will be portraying Colonel George Washington who was at Fort Cumberland helping build Road and provide supplies for the Forbes Expedition during this election.

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Colonel George Washington……………….310

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Colonel Thomas Bryan Martin ………………………240

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Hugh West…………………199

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Thomas Swearingen………45

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Total vote   ………………..794

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The two incumbents, Hugh West and Thomas Swearingen lost.

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The 3 representing the candidates below will be announced soon.

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Thomas Swearingen,

the candidate above, is an incumbent candidate who loses …. 45 votes ….. is  the brother of Van Swearingen who becomes the next High Sheriff of Frederick County.

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See link on Thomas Swearingen’s ferry in Shepherdtown.

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Colonel Thomas Bryan Martin ,

wins seat on House of Burgesses along with Colonel George Washington…………….240 votes

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Side note: Thomas Bryan Martin’s uncle is Lord Fairfax. Also 20 years later, Adam Stephen, after being court martialed out of the Continental Army after the Battle of Germantown, created Martinsburg, naming it for Thomas Bryan Martin, a passive Tory.

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Hugh West,

incumbent candidate who loses………199 votes … Still needing this role filled.

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Colonel George Washington’s campaigners in this 1758 election

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James Wood, the founder of Winchester

James Wood ran for office in Orange County but never ran again except to manage GW’s campaign for House of Burgesses.

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Lt Charles Smith

Supervisor of constructing Fort Loudoun, major land owner of Berryville VA, treasure and secretary for GW’s election campaigns and personal land holding business, punches a man in a bar in Fredericksburg and kills him.

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Gabriel Jones

the Valley Lawyer, profane with a patch over one eye, who was so enthusiastic for Colonel George Washington, he left his own election in Augusta County to help George Washington’s campaign.

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Veterans in Battle

Those lesser known, but who saw battle:

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John King

2. John King, who came into the Virginia Regiment in September 1755, was the lieutenant in the company commanded by Joshua Lewis. According to a letter from Winchester of 23 July 1756, printed in the Maryland Gazette (Annapolis) on 12 Aug., King was ordered on 2 July to lead a party of thirty men in pursuit of deserters from Fort Cumberland. Unable to catch up with the fugitives, on the next day King “made the best of his Way for the Fort, without discovering any Signs of the Enemy, till his advanced Guard, consisting of seven Men, were fired upon by a Party in Ambush, posted on the Hill, which you rise coming from Eviott’s [Evitts] Creek to Fort Cumberland, five of whom were killed and scalped on the Spot, before the main Body (which had stopped in the Creek to drink) could come up, as they were at least 200 Yards behind.”

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1For an account of the incident in which five of John King’s party were killed and scalped, see GW’s Orders, 5 July 1756, n.2. King was put under arrest and tried by court-martial “for this Piece of Misconduct in marching without Flankers, and in suffering his Advanced Guard to be so far a head of the main Body.” King’s testimony in his own defense is quoted in the letter of 23 July 1756 printed in the Maryland Gazette (Annapolis), 12 Aug. 1756, and cited in the note referred to above.

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Good list of dates when GW was at Fort Cumberland

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1. GW marched to Fort Cumberland about 29 June and was still there on 14 July. He was at Conococheague by 16 July and back at Winchester by 19 July.

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Mercer Company websites

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http://jimmoyer1.wixsite.com/mercercompany1stva

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Defunct site?  And Mercer Co never was in Boonesboro?

http://mercerscompanyvirginiaregiment.weebly.com/

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