web analytics

James Wood

.

.

.


BIOGRAPHY ON JAMES WOOD

By Wilbur S Johnston.

.

.


James Wood’s Mourning Ring

Our only source on his death date and birth year.

.

.


James Wood’s Only Election

Story on James Wood’s first and only election.

.

.


Letters between GW and James Wood

Letters between George Washington and James Wood. 

The first two letters regard James Wood the founder of Winchester VA, but all the other James Wood letters are the son who later became Clerk of Court when his father died in 1759.

.

.


JAMES WOOD HELPS GW IN 1758 ELECTION

.

.

.

———————————————————————–

MARRIAGE, CHILDREN

James the founder married Mary the daughter of Captain Thomas Rutherford, the  first Sheriff of Frederick

.

Col. Wood and Capt. Rutherford were living  in Old Orange County in 1738, we assume the marriage was solemnized in that  County. The following is copied from an old note-book of James Wood, now in possession of one of his descendants, daughter of Col. Glass:

.

Children of James Wood Jr. and Mary Rutherford—

(1) Elizabeth, born Sept. 20, 1739

(2) James ” Jany. 28, 1741

(3) Mary ” Sept. 23, 1742

(4) John ” Jany. 1, 1743—44

(5) Robert, ” July 27, 1747

.

http://files.usgwarchives.net/va/frederick/history/homesteads02.txt

.

.

————————————————————————————

JAMES WOOD’S ONLY ELECTION

This is about the senior James Wood (born 1707- died 6 Nov 1759) and NOT his son of the same name who later became Governor of Virginia.

.

James Wood was appointed the first  Clerk of Court November 14, 1743 of Frederick County, which had been created in 1738 out of Orange County.

.

He had already been appointed as Surveyor of Orange County 1734 and is credited for designing both Richmond 1737 and Winchester Virginia 1741, chartered 1752.

.

But the story here?  An election.

The only one he ever  ran for. Our senior James Wood, was one of 6 candidates for Burgess in Orange County, 20 November 1741.

.

Polling started at noon and a whole day of drunken chaos ensued into this November  night.

.

————————————————————————————

CLERK OF COURT

On Tuesday, November 14th, 1743, eight persons took the  magistrates’ oath, and composed the court. Morgan Morgan and David Vance administered the oath to Marquis Calmes, Thomas  Rutherford, William M’Mahon, Meredith Helmes, George Hoge  and. John White.

.

These, in turn, administered the oath to Morgan  Morgan and David Vance. James Wood was made Clerk of the  County, and Thomas Rutherford, Sheriff. James Porteus, John  Steerman, George Johnston, and John Newport, gentlemen, taking  the oath of attornies, were admitted to the Bar.

.

Winchester was  the county seat. At the second meeting of the court, December  9th, 1743, the will of Benjamin Burden, who had been named as  magistrate, was proved.

.

Barnet Lindsey received twenty lashes on  his bare back, at the common whipping-post, for stealing’ two pieces  of venison from the milk house of Thomas Hart, adjudged to be  worth two pence: Henry Howard, servant to James M’Crachan,  ‘was adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor, on charge of stealing a mare  from Samuel Glass, and received ten lashes on his bare back,  December 10th.

.

In another case of horse stealing — or rather horse  riding — taking a man’s horse without leave, and riding off on a  visit for some days — the defendant had his choice of twenty lashes  or fifteen shillings fine : the same Henry Howard was complained  of by his master, James M’Crachan, that he had been absent eleven  days, and that in finding him and bringing him back, the expenses  had been twenty shillings, and one hundred and fifty pounds of  tobacco ; and the court ordered that he serve six months and four  days for his runaway time and expenses, after the expiration of his  time of servitude according to law, unless he could otherwise satisfy  his master.

.

In March, 1744, ordered that James O’Neal keep the  Court House clean, and attend on court days to take care of the  Justices’ horses during a twelvemonth, for which he is to receive  from the county levy £23 15s. current money.

.

The above is from:

Sketches of Virginia : historical and biographical  by Foote, William Henry, 1794-1869, Published 1856, pages 17-18

.

.

.

.

.


James Wood at Fort Necessity

.

Col. James Wood of Winchester left the following account:“June 16. Sund. Colo. Washington contrary to the advice of the half King marched from Fort Necessity with the Virga Companys intended to the Mouth of Red Stone Creek from thence to attack the F. Fort. Capt. McCay with the Carolina Independt Company remained at F. Necess.  marched to Guess’s house Eleven mingos from the F. Fort who pretended to be friends.  were there or came to them also the half King and King Shingus with Eight Delawares Field officers and Indians Sat in Council 3 days   the Captains not permitted to be at the Council Lewis was detached with a Lieut. an Ensign two Corporals and 54 men Ordered to Clear a Road from Guess’s House to the mouth of Red Stone Polson detached with 26 men to go to the Dunchars [Dunkers] Ordered to Build Canoes and to bring Corn down Monangala to the mouth of Red Stone.   Escub⟨ap⟩ was heard to say how glorious it would be to take the F.F. without the assistance of Cap. McCay. remained with Washington. abt 130 men.   Monagototha arrived Informed Washington that he with 60 Indians were marching to him and were Stopt by the French and retained in the F.F. that the French were reinforced with 700 men and intended immediately to attack them that he made his Escape in the night.   on this they got together all the Rails on Guss’s pla⟨ ⟩ and made a Hog pen fort surrounded with standing Trees and Commanding ground Sent to call in the parties and for Capt. MacCays Comp. he marched all night and Joined them. a Council of War called the Captains admited for the first time. agreed to Retreat to Fort neces. the men obliged to haul the great Guns Saturday arrived at F. Necessity. Monday and Tuesday imployed in geting Logs to enlarge the fort Wed. morn. 3 July about 9 oClock, an Indian arrived informed them the French and Indians were within 4 miles. in the greatest Confusion fell to diging Trenches[.] abt 11. We drew up on the parade saw the French and Indians coming down a hill We marched to take possession of a Point of Woods Muse called to halt the French would take possession of Our Fort and Trenches ran back in the utmost Confusion happy he that could get into the Fort first The french Firing at 600 yds dist. got possession of the Trees and Commanding ground in a Semi Circle. kept a Constant firing till dark then beat a Parley” (Notebook of James Wood, 1749–1757, ViWnHi).

.

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0076-0002

.

.

.

.


JAMES WOOD LEAVES DURING THE PANIC

.

To George Washington from William Fairfax, 20 May 1756

From William Fairfax

Alexandria. 20th May 1756

Dear Sir

I receiv’d Yrs by the return of Mr Dorrel.1 I am glad that your Presence has encouragd the few remaining Inhabitants in Winchester and Neighbourhood to wait and see the Issue of your Resolutions and when it was known Colo. J. Wood deserted, no doubt his Example causd many to think their Case desperate.2

.

2. William Fairfax alluded to James Wood’s reported abandonment of his plantation in his letter to GW of 9 May 1756.

.

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-03-02-0166

.

.

Your letter dated at Winchester Sunday Evening my Father received at Williamsburg after I left it, and Yesterday put it into my hand, by which I am sensible of the distressed condition poor Frederick must have been in,2

.

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-03-02-0102

.

.

In that regard, trying to nail down the date of James Wood leaving Winchester for safety which didn’t help the panic. It might have have been May 2, 1756, which would have been the same day, Court Martial trials were begun in Winchester regarding bad conduct in the Battle of the Great Cacapon. — a few weeks before the Fort Loudoun construction commenced.

.

.

.

About Us History Explore & Learn Join & Support News & Events
Our Story War Timeline Visit Join Us! Calendar
Board of Directors Fort Loudoun Tour Donate Press
Contact Us Additional Forts Resources Volunteer Newsletters
  Baker-Hardy House Essay Contest Shop Archive